Argon Valence Electrons (And How to Find them?)

argon valence electrons

So you have seen the above image by now, right?

Awesome! You can see that argon has 8 valence electrons.

But how can you say that Argon has 8 valence electrons
How can you find these valence electrons?

Let’s discuss this in short.

Argon has 8 valence electrons because there are 8 electrons present in the outermost shell of the Argon (Ar) atom.

Now let’s see how you can easily find the valence electrons of an Argon atom (Ar).

If you don’t want to read the texts, then you can also watch this video.

How to find the Valence Electrons? (2 Methods)

In order to find the valence electrons of an Argon atom (Ar), you can use two methods.

Method 1: From the Periodic Table

how many valence electrons does argon have

To find out the valence electrons of Argon, you have to see the position of argon in the periodic table.

More specifically, you have to see the group wise position of Argon element in the periodic table.

From the above image, you can see that the Argon (Ar) is present in the group 18 of periodic table.
(Note: Group 18 is also called group 8A).

So, as the argon element is present in group 18, it has 8 valence electrons.

In this way, by knowing the position of argon element in periodic table, you can easily find its valence electrons.

Now let’s see another method for finding the number of valence electrons in argon.

Method 2: From the Electron Configuration

If you want to find the valence electrons of argon from its electron configuration, then you should know its electron configuration first.

Now there are many methods to write the electron configurations, but here I will show you the easiest method, i.e by using Aufbau principle.

Aufbau principle: The Aufbau principle simply states that the orbitals with the lower energy are filled first and then the orbitals with higher energy levels are filled.

According to the Aufbau principle, the orbitals are filled in the following order:
1s, 2s, 2p, 3s, 3p, 4s, 3d, 4p, 5s, 4d, 5p, 6s, 4f, 5d, 6p, 7s, 5f, 6d, 7p, and so on.

Also the maximum number of electrons that can be accommodated in s, p, d & f orbitals are mentioned in the below table.

OrbitalsMaximum capacity of electrons [1]

Now let’s try to find the electron configuration of Argon by using the Aufbau principle.

Electron Configuration of Argon:

Follow the steps mentioned below to get the electron configuration of Argon.

  • To write the electron configuration of argon, we should first know the total number of electrons present in an argon atom.
  • The argon atom has a total of 18 electrons because its atomic number is 18 and it is a neutral atom[2]
  • Now we have to fill these 18 electrons in the atomic orbitals according to the Aufbau principle.
  • According to the Aufbau principle, the electrons will be filled first in 1s orbital, then in 2s orbital, then in 2p orbital, and so on…
  • So from the Aufbau principle, we can get the electron configuration of the argon atom as 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6. [3]

Now in this electron configuration of argon, we have to see the total number of electrons present in the highest energy level.

valence electrons in argon

You can see in the electron configuration of argon (1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6) that the highest energy level is 3. And the total number of electrons present in this energy level is 2 + 6 = 8.

So by knowing the electron configuration, we have found that the Argon has 8 valence electrons.

I hope you have understood the methods of finding the valence electrons in argon.

See more related topics for your practice;
Gallium Valence Electrons
Germanium Valence Electrons
Arsenic Valence Electrons
Selenium Valence Electrons
Bromine Valence Electrons 


Jay is an educator and has helped more than 100,000 students in their studies by providing simple and easy explanations on different science-related topics. With a desire to make learning accessible for everyone, he founded Knords Learning, an online learning platform that provides students with easily understandable explanations.

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