Is Na2SO4 Ionic or Covalent? (And Why?)

Is Na2SO4 Ionic or Covalent

Na2SO4 is an ionic compound because it is formed by two ions, Na+ and SO42-. These positive and negative ions produce the force of attraction between them which results in an ionic bond.
Moreover when the metal combines with nonmetal, it usually forms an ionic compound. Here, Na is a metal and SO4 is a group of nonmetals. So when they combine, it forms an ionic compound.

Well, now you have got to know that Na2SO4 is an ionic compound, but let me explain the in-depth reason why Na2SO4 is an ionic compound.

If you are a visual learner like me, then here is a short one minute video for you.

Why is Na2SO4 an ionic compound?

As mentioned above, you can simply remember that when the metal combines with nonmetal, the bond between them is an ionic bond.

Here in Na2SO4, the Na atom is a metal and the SO4 is a group of nonmetals.

Hence the bond between them is an ionic bond.

But how does the ionic bond form between Na and SO4?

When Na and SO4 combine with each other, the electron transfer takes place from Na to SO4.

In other words, both the Na atoms lose 1-1 electrons and the SO4 gains these 2 electrons.

Due to this, the Sodium becomes a positive ion (Na+) and SO4 becomes a negative ion (SO4)2-.

Now because of the positive charge of Sodium ion and negative charge of SO4 ion, the electrostatic force of attraction is produced between them.

This electrostatic force between Na ion and SO4 ion results in an ionic bond between them.

Hence, Na2SO4 is an ionic compound.

I hope you have understood the reason why Na2SO4 is an ionic compound.

Check out other compounds to see whether they are ionic or covalent;
Is BaO Ionic or Covalent?
Is NCl3 Ionic or Covalent?
Is CuSO4 Ionic or Covalent?
Is CaSO4 Ionic or Covalent?
Is Sodium iodide (NaI) Ionic or Covalent? 


Jay is an educator and has helped more than 100,000 students in their studies by providing simple and easy explanations on different science-related topics. With a desire to make learning accessible for everyone, he founded Knords Learning, an online learning platform that provides students with easily understandable explanations.

Read more about our Editorial process.

Leave a Comment