Lewis Structure of ICl (With 6 Simple Steps to Draw!)

Lewis Structure of ICl

Ready to learn how to draw the lewis structure of ICl?

Awesome!

Here, I have explained 6 simple steps to draw the lewis dot structure of ICl (along with images).

So, if you are ready to go with these 6 simple steps, then let’s dive right into it!

Lewis structure of ICl (Iodine chloride) contains one single bond between the Iodine (I) and Chlorine (Cl) atom. And both the Iodine and Chlorine atoms have three lone pairs on it.

Let’s draw and understand this lewis dot structure step by step.

(Note: Take a pen and paper with you and try to draw this lewis structure along with me. I am sure you will definitely learn how to draw lewis structure of ICl).

6 Steps to Draw the Lewis Structure of ICl

Step #1: Calculate the total number of valence electrons

Here, the given molecule is ICl (Iodine chloride). In order to draw the lewis structure of ICl, first of all you have to find the total number of valence electrons present in the ICl molecule.
(Valence electrons are the number of electrons present in the outermost shell of an atom).

So, let’s calculate this first.

Calculation of valence electrons in ICl

  • For Iodine:

Iodine is a group 17 element on the periodic table.

Hence, the valence electrons present in iodine is 7 (see below image).

  • For Chlorine:

Chlorine is a group 17 element on the periodic table.

Hence, the valence electron present in chlorine is 7 (see below image).

Hence in a ICl molecule, 

Valence electrons given by Iodine (I) atom = 7
Valence electrons given by Chlorine (Cl) atom = 7
So, total number of Valence electrons in ICl molecule = 7 + 7 = 14

Step #2: Select the center atom

While selecting the atom, you have to put the least electronegative atom at the center. 

But here in the ICl molecule, there are only two atoms. So you can consider any of the atoms as a center atom.

step 1

So, let’s assume that the Iodine atom is a central atom. (You should assume the less electronegative atom as a central atom.)

Step #3: Put two electrons between the atoms to represent a chemical bond

Now in the above sketch of ICl molecule, put the two electrons (i.e electron pair) between the iodine and chlorine atoms to represent a chemical bond between them.

step 2

These pair of electrons present between the Iodine (I) and Chlorine (Cl) atoms form a chemical bond, which bonds both these atoms with each other in a ICl molecule.

Step #4: Complete the octet (or duplet) on outside atom. If the valence electrons are left, then put the valence electrons pair on the central atom

Don’t worry, I’ll explain!

In the Lewis structure of ICl, we have just assumed the iodine atom as a central atom and so the chlorine atom is an outer atom.

So now, we have to complete the octet on the chlorine atom.

step 3

Now, you can see in the above image that the chlorine atom forms an octet.

Also, only 8 valence electrons of ICl molecule are used in the above structure.

But there are total 14 valence electrons in ICl molecule (as calculated in step #1).

So the number of electrons left to be kept on the central atom = 14 – 8 = 6.

So let’s keep these six electrons (i.e 3 electron pairs) on the central atom (i.e iodine atom).

step 4

Now, let’s move to the next step.

Step #5: Check whether the central atom has octet or not

In this step, we have to check whether the central atom (i.e iodine atom) has an octet or not. 

In simple words, we have to check whether the Iodine (I) atom is having 8 electrons or not.

step 5

As you can see from the above image, the central atom (i.e iodine atom) has 8 electrons. So it fulfills the octet rule and this iodine atom is also stable.

Step #6: Final step – Check the stability of lewis structure by calculating the formal charge on each atom

Now, you have come to the final step and here you have to check the formal charge on the iodine atom (I) as well as chlorine atom (Cl).

For that, you need to remember the formula of formal charge;

Formal charge = Valence electrons – Nonbonding electrons – (Bonding electrons)/2

step 6
  • For Iodine:
    Valence electron = 7 (as it is in group 17)
    Nonbonding electrons = 6
    Bonding electrons = 2
  • For Chlorine:
    Valence electron = 7 (as it is in group 17)
    Nonbonding electrons = 6
    Bonding electrons = 2
Formal charge=Valence electronsNonbonding electrons(Bonding electrons)/2
I=762/2=0
Cl=762/2=0

So you can see above that the formal charges on iodine as well as chlorine are “zero”.

Hence, there will not be any change in the above structure and the above lewis structure of ICl is the final stable structure only.

Each electron pair (:) in the lewis dot structure of ICl represents the single bond ( | ). So the above lewis dot structure of ICl can also be represented as shown below.

ICl lewis structure

Related lewis structures for your practice:
Lewis Structure of H2SO3
Lewis Structure of HSO4-
Lewis Structure of CCl2F2
Lewis Structure of C2H2Cl2
Lewis Structure of NH2OH 

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