Lewis Structure of SeO2 (With 6 Simple Steps to Draw!)

Lewis Structure of SeO2

Ready to learn how to draw the lewis structure of SeO2?

Awesome!

Here, I have explained 6 simple steps to draw the lewis dot structure of SeO2 (along with images).

So, if you are ready to go with these 6 simple steps, then let’s dive right into it!

Lewis structure of SeO2 (or Selenium dioxide) contains two double bonds between the Selenium (Se) atom and each Oxygen (O) atom. The Selenium atom (Se) is at the center and it is surrounded by 2 Oxygen atoms (O). The Selenium atom has 1 lone pair and both the Oxygen atoms have 2 lone pairs.

Let’s draw and understand this lewis dot structure step by step.

(Note: Take a pen and paper with you and try to draw this lewis structure along with me. I am sure you will definitely learn how to draw lewis structure of SeO2).

6 Steps to Draw the Lewis Structure of SeO2

Step #1: Calculate the total number of valence electrons

Here, the given molecule is SeO2 (selenium dioxide). In order to draw the lewis structure of SeO2, first of all you have to find the total number of valence electrons present in the SeO2 molecule.
(Valence electrons are the number of electrons present in the outermost shell of an atom).

So, let’s calculate this first.

Calculation of valence electrons in SeO2

  • For Selenium: 

Selenium is a group 16 element on the periodic table.

Hence, the valence electrons present in selenium is 6 (see below image).

  • For Oxygen:

Oxygen is a group 16 element on the periodic table.

Hence, the valence electron present in oxygen is 6 (see below image).

Hence in a SeO2 molecule, 

Valence electrons given by Selenium (Se) atom = 6
Valence electrons given by each Oxygen (O) atom = 6
So, total number of Valence electrons in SeO2 molecule = 6 + 6(2) = 18

Step #2: Select the center atom

While selecting the atom, always put the least electronegative atom at the center. 

(Remember: Fluorine is the most electronegative element on the periodic table and the electronegativity decreases as we move right to left in the periodic table as well as top to bottom in the periodic table).

Here in the SeO2 molecule, if we compare the selenium atom (Se) and oxygen atom (O), then the selenium is less electronegative than oxygen.

So, selenium should be placed in the center and the remaining 2 oxygen atoms will surround it.

step 1

Step #3: Put two electrons between the atoms to represent a chemical bond

Now in the above sketch of SeO2 molecule, put the two electrons (i.e electron pair) between each selenium atom and oxygen atom to represent a chemical bond between them.

step 2

These pairs of electrons present between the Selenium (Se) and Oxygen (O) atoms form a chemical bond, which bonds the selenium and oxygen atoms with each other in a SeO2 molecule.

Step #4: Complete the octet (or duplet) on outside atoms. If the valence electrons are left, then put the valence electrons pair on the central atom

Don’t worry, I’ll explain!

In the Lewis structure of SeO2, the outer atoms are oxygen atoms.

So now, you have to complete the octet on these oxygen atoms (because oxygen requires 8 electrons to have a complete outer shell).

step 3

Now, you can see in the above image that all the oxygen atoms form an octet.

Also, only 16 valence electrons of SeO2 molecule are used in the above structure.

But there are total 18 valence electrons in SeO2 molecule (as calculated in step #1).

So the number of electrons left to be kept on the central atom = 18 – 16 = 2.

So let’s keep these two electrons (i.e electron pair) on the central atom.

step 4

Now, let’s move to the next step.

Step #5: Check whether the central atom has octet or not. If it does not have an octet, then move the electron pair from the outer atom to form a double bond or triple bond

In this step, we have to check whether the central atom (i.e selenium) has an octet or not. 

In simple words, we have to check whether the central Selenium (Se) atom has 8 electrons or not.

step 5

As you can see from the above image, the central atom (i.e selenium) has only 6 electrons. So it does not fulfill the octet rule.

Now, in order to fulfill the octet of selenium atom, we have to move the electron pair from the outer atom (i.e oxygen atom) to form a double bond.

step 6

Now you can see from the above image that the central atom (i.e selenium), is having 8 electrons. So it fulfills the octet rule.

Step #6: Final step – Check the stability of lewis structure by calculating the formal charge on each atom

Now, you have come to the final step and here you have to check the formal charge on selenium atom (Se) as well as each oxygen atom (O).

For that, you need to remember the formula of formal charge;

Formal charge = Valence electrons – Nonbonding electrons – (Bonding electrons)/2

step 7
  • For Selenium:
    Valence electrons = 6 (as it is in group 16)
    Nonbonding electrons = 2
    Bonding electrons = 6
  • For 1st Oxygen:
    Valence electron = 6 (as it is in group 16)
    Nonbonding electrons = 4
    Bonding electrons = 4
  • For 2nd Oxygen:
    Valence electron = 6 (as it is in group 16)
    Nonbonding electrons = 6
    Bonding electrons = 2
Formal charge=Valence electronsNonbonding electrons(Bonding electrons)/2
Se=626/2=+1
1st O=644/2=0
2nd O=662/2=-1

So you can see above that the formal charges on selenium is +1 and the formal charge on the 2nd oxygen atom is -1.

This indicates that the above lewis structure of SeO2 is not stable and so we have to minimize the charges to get a more stable lewis structure.

This can be done by shifting the lone pair from negatively charged oxygen atom to the positively charged selenium atom to form a bond.

step 8

Now, in the above structure, you can see that the charges are minimized and the above lewis structure of SeO2 is the final stable structure.

Each electron pair (:) in the lewis dot structure of SeO2 represents the single bond ( | ). So the above lewis dot structure of SeO2 can also be represented as shown below.

SeO2 Lewis Structure

Related lewis structures for your practice:
Lewis structure of OCl2
Lewis structure of CH3COOH
Lewis structure of SiCl4
Lewis structure of BrO3-
Lewis structure of CBr4

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