Strontium Valence Electrons (And How to Find them?)

strontium valence electrons

So you have seen the above image by now, right?

Awesome! You can see that strontium has 2 valence electrons.

But how can you say that Strontium has 2 valence electrons
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How can you find these valence electrons?

Let’s discuss this in short.

Strontium has 2 valence electrons because there are 2 electrons present in the outermost shell of the Strontium (Sr) atom.

Now let’s see how you can easily find the valence electrons of Strontium atom (Sr).

If you don’t want to read the texts, then you can also watch this video.

How to find the Valence Electrons? (2 Methods)

In order to find the valence electrons of Strontium atom (Sr), you can use two methods.

Method 1: From the Periodic Table

how many valence electrons does strontium have

To find out the valence electrons of Strontium, you have to see the position of strontium in the periodic table.

More specifically, you have to see the group wise position of Strontium element in the periodic table.

From the above image, you can see that the Strontium (Sr) is present in the group 2 of periodic table.
(Note: Group 2 is also called group 2A).

So, as the strontium element is present in group 2, it has 2 valence electrons.

In this way, by knowing the position of strontium element in periodic table, you can easily find its valence electrons.

Now let’s see another method for finding the number of valence electrons in strontium.

Method 2: From the Electron Configuration

If you want to find the valence electrons of strontium from its electron configuration, then you should know its electron configuration first.

Now there are many methods to write the electron configurations, but here I will show you the easiest method, i.e by using Aufbau principle.

Aufbau principle: The Aufbau principle simply states that the orbitals with the lower energy are filled first and then the orbitals with higher energy levels are filled.

According to the Aufbau principle, the orbitals are filled in the following order:
1s, 2s, 2p, 3s, 3p, 4s, 3d, 4p, 5s, 4d, 5p, 6s, 4f, 5d, 6p, 7s, 5f, 6d, 7p, and so on.

Also the maximum number of electrons that can be accommodated in s, p, d & f orbitals are mentioned in the below table.

OrbitalsMaximum capacity of electrons [1]
s2
p6
d10
f14

Now let’s try to find the electron configuration of Strontium by using the Aufbau principle.

Electron Configuration of Strontium:

Follow the steps mentioned below to get the electron configuration of Strontium.

  • To write the electron configuration of strontium, we should first know the total number of electrons present in a strontium atom.
  • The strontium atom has a total of 38 electrons because its atomic number is 38 and it is a neutral atom[2]
  • Now we have to fill these 38 electrons in the atomic orbitals according to the Aufbau principle.
  • According to the Aufbau principle, the electrons will be filled first in 1s orbital, then in 2s orbital, then in 2p orbital, and so on…
  • So from the Aufbau principle, we can get the electron configuration of the strontium atom as 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d10 4s2 4p6 5s2. [3]

Now in this electron configuration of strontium, we have to see the total number of electrons present in the highest energy level.

valence electrons in strontium

You can see in the electron configuration of strontium (1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d10 4s2 4p6 5s2) that the highest energy level is 5. And the total number of electrons present in this energy level is 2.

So by knowing the electron configuration, we have found that the Strontium has 2 valence electrons.

I hope you have understood the methods of finding the valence electrons in strontium. 

See more related topics for your practice;
Cesium Valence Electrons
Barium Valence Electrons
Francium Valence Electrons
Radium Valence Electrons
Boron Valence Electrons 

Author

Jay is an educator and has helped more than 100,000 students in their studies by providing simple and easy explanations on different science-related topics. With a desire to make learning accessible for everyone, he founded Knords Learning, an online chemistry learning platform that provides students with easily understandable explanations.

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