What is the Ionic Charge of Boron (B)? And Why?

Charge of Boron (B)

The common Ionic Charges of Boron (B) are 3- and 3+.

But the question is how can you find the ionic charge on Boron (B)?

Well, boron is one of the elements that have a variable ionic charge.

The ionic charge of boron depends on what it is bonded with.

So let’s try to find out the ionic charge of Boron (B) using some examples.

You can also refer to the below video from which you will learn to find charge of any ion.

How to find the ionic charge of Boron (B)?

As I mentioned earlier, the ionic charge of Boron (B) can be found out by looking at what it is bonded with.

So let’s take examples of compounds of Boron (B) like BCl3, BF3, BH3, etc.

Example 1: BCl3
In BCl3, the Boron (B) is bonded to Chlorine (Cl).
You know that the ionic charge of Cl is 1-.
So you can easily say that the ionic charge of B should be 3+, then only it will get canceled out.
Hence the ionic charge of Boron in BCl3 is 3+.

Example 2: BF3
In BF3, the Boron (B) is bonded to Fluorine (F).
And again, you know that the ionic charge of F is 1-.
So here also you can easily say that the ionic charge of B should be 3+, then only it will get canceled out.
Hence the ionic charge of Boron in BF3 is 3+.

Example 3: BH3
Similarly in BH3, the Boron (B) is bonded to Hydrogen (H).
And you know that the ionic charge of H is 1+.
So from this, you can easily say that the ionic charge of B should be 3-, then only it will get canceled out.
Hence the ionic charge of Boron in BH3 is 3-.

In this way, Boron can have variable charges depending on what it is bonded to.

But as seen from the above examples,
The most common charges of Boron (B) are 3- and 3+.

I hope you have understood why boron has variable ionic charges.

Check out some other related topics for your practice.

Related topics:
Charge of Tin (Sn)
Charge on ClO3 (Chlorate ion)
Charge of Cadmium (Cd)
Charge of Titanium (Ti)
Charge of Gallium (Ga) 

Author

Jay is an educator and has helped more than 100,000 students in their studies by providing simple and easy explanations on different science-related topics. With a desire to make learning accessible for everyone, he founded Knords Learning, an online chemistry learning platform that provides students with easily understandable explanations.

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