Lewis Structure of CS2 (With 6 Simple Steps to Draw!)

Lewis Structure of CS2

I’m super excited to teach you the lewis structure of CS2 in just 6 simple steps.

Infact, I’ve also given the step-by-step images for drawing the lewis dot structure of CS2 molecule.

So, if you are ready to go with these 6 simple steps, then let’s dive right into it!

Lewis structure of CS2 (or Carbon Disulfide) contains two double bonds between the Carbon (C) atom and each Sulfur (S) atom. The Carbon atom (C) is at the center and it is surrounded by 2 Sulfur atoms (S). The Carbon atom does not have a lone pair while both the Sulfur atoms have 2 lone pairs.

Let’s draw and understand this lewis dot structure step by step.

(Note: Take a pen and paper with you and try to draw this lewis structure along with me. I am sure you will definitely learn how to draw lewis structure of CS2).

6 Steps to Draw the Lewis Structure of CS2

Step #1: Calculate the total number of valence electrons

Here, the given molecule is CS2 (carbon disulfide). In order to draw the lewis structure of CS2, first of all you have to find the total number of valence electrons present in the CS2 molecule.
(Valence electrons are the number of electrons present in the outermost shell of an atom).

So, let’s calculate this first.

Calculation of valence electrons in CS2

  • For Carbon:

Carbon is a group 14 element on the periodic table. [1]

Hence, the valence electrons present in carbon is 4 (see below image).

  • For Sulfur:

Sulfur is a group 16 element on the periodic table. [2]

Hence, the valence electrons present in sulfur is 6 (see below image).

Hence in a CS2 molecule, 

Valence electrons given by Carbon (C) atom = 4
Valence electrons given by each Sulfur (S) atom = 6
So, total number of Valence electrons in CS2 molecule = 4 + 6(2) = 16

Step #2: Select the center atom

While selecting the atom, always put the least electronegative atom at the center. 

(Remember: Fluorine is the most electronegative element on the periodic table and the electronegativity decreases as we move right to left in the periodic table as well as top to bottom in the periodic table). [3]

Here in the CS2 molecule, if we compare the carbon atom (C) and sulfur atom (S), then the carbon is less electronegative than sulfur.

So, carbon should be placed in the center and the remaining 2 sulfur atoms will surround it.

step 1

Step #3: Put two electrons between the atoms to represent a chemical bond

Now in the above sketch of CS2 molecule, put the two electrons (i.e electron pair) between each carbon atom and sulfur atom to represent a chemical bond between them.

step 2

These pairs of electrons present between the Carbon (C) and Sulfur (S) atoms form a chemical bond, which bonds the carbon and sulfur atoms with each other in a CS2 molecule.

Step #4: Complete the octet (or duplet) on outside atoms. If the valence electrons are left, then put the valence electrons pair on the central atom

Don’t worry, I’ll explain!

In the Lewis structure of CS2, the outer atoms are sulfur atoms.

So now, you have to complete the octet on these sulfur atoms (because sulfur requires 8 electrons to have a complete outer shell).

step 3

Now, you can see in the above image that all the sulfur atoms form an octet.

Also, all the 16 valence electrons of CS2 molecule (as calculated in step #1) are used in the above structure. So there are no remaining electron pairs.

Hence there is no change in the above sketch of CS2.

Let’s move to the next step.

Step #5: Check whether the central atom has octet or not. If it does not have an octet, then move the electron pair from the outer atom to form a double bond or triple bond

In this step, we have to check whether the central atom (i.e carbon) has an octet or not. 

In simple words, we have to check whether the central Carbon (C) atom is having 8 electrons or not.

step 4

As you can see from the above image, the central atom (i.e carbon) has only 4 electrons. So it does not fulfill the octet rule.

Now, in order to fulfill the octet of carbon atom, we have to move the electron pair from the outer atom (i.e sulfur atom) to form a double bond.

step 5

Still, the octet of carbon atom is not fulfilled as it has only 6 electrons.

So again moving the electron pair from another sulfur atom, we will get the following structure.

step 6

Now you can see from the above image that the central atom (i.e carbon), is having 8 electrons. So it fulfills the octet rule and the carbon atom is stable.

Step #6: Final step – Check the stability of lewis structure by calculating the formal charge on each atom

Now, you have come to the final step and here you have to check the formal charge on carbon atom (C) as well as each sulfur atom (S).

For that, you need to remember the formula of formal charge;

Formal charge = Valence electrons – Nonbonding electrons – (Bonding electrons)/2

step 7
  • For Carbon:
    Valence electrons = 4 (as it is in group 14)
    Nonbonding electrons = 0
    Bonding electrons = 8
  • For Sulfur:
    Valence electrons = 6 (as it is in group 16)
    Nonbonding electrons = 4
    Bonding electrons = 4
Formal charge=Valence electronsNonbonding electrons(Bonding electrons)/2

So you can see above that the formal charges on carbon as well as sulfur are “zero”.

Hence, there will not be any change in the above structure and the above lewis structure of CS2 is the final stable structure only.

Each electron pair (:) in the lewis dot structure of CS2 represents the single bond ( | ). So the above lewis dot structure of CS2 can also be represented as shown below.

CS2 Lewis Structure

Related lewis structures for your practice:
Lewis structure of SF6
Lewis structure of PH3
Lewis structure of NO
Lewis structure of N2O
Lewis structure of CH3OH

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Jay is an educator and has helped more than 100,000 students in their studies by providing simple and easy explanations on different science-related topics. With a desire to make learning accessible for everyone, he founded Knords Learning, an online learning platform that provides students with easily understandable explanations.

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