Carbon element (C) is in group 14 and period 2 of a periodic table. Carbon is in the p-block and it is classified as a Nonmetal on the periodic table.
There is a lot more information related to carbon which is mentioned in the Information Table given below.
So let’s dive right into it!
Table of contents
- Carbon element (Information Table)
- Carbon element in Periodic table
- Facts about Carbon
- Properties of Carbon
- Uses of Carbon
Carbon Element (Information Table)
The important data related to carbon element is given in the table below.
|Appearance of carbon||Graphite has shiny black appearance, Diamond has clear appearance|
|Atomic number of carbon||6|
|Symbol of carbon||C|
|Atomic mass of carbon||12.011 u|
|Protons, Neutrons & Electrons in carbon||Protons: 6, Neutrons: 6, Electrons: 6|
|State of carbon (at STP)||Solid|
|Group number of carbon in periodic table||14|
|Period number of carbon in periodic table||2|
|Block of carbon in periodic table||p-block|
|Category of carbon||Nonmetals|
|Bohr model or Electrons per shell or Electrons arrangement in carbon||2, 4|
|Electron configuration of carbon||[He] 2s2 2p2|
|Orbital diagram of carbon|
|Valence electrons in carbon||4|
|Electronegativity of carbon (on pauling scale)||2.55|
|Atomic radius of carbon (van der Waals radius)||170 picometers|
|Density of carbon||Graphite: 2.267 g/cm3|
Diamond: 3.515 g/cm3
|1st ionization energy of carbon||17.423 eV|
|Main isotopes of carbon||12C, 13C, 14C|
|Crystal structure of carbon||Hexagonal|
Also see: Interactive Periodic Table (It has rotating bohr models as well as many other details of all the 118 elements in a single periodic table).
Carbon element in Periodic table
The Carbon element (C) has the atomic number 6 and is located in group 14 and period 2. Carbon is a nonmetal and it is classified as a carbon group element.
Facts about carbon
Here are a few interesting facts about carbon element.
- Carbon is an element that can form many compounds with other elements. Hence carbon is also known as a king of elements.
- Carbon is also present in our body in the form of proteins, lipids, carbohydrates, nucleic acid.
- Diamond is an allotrope of carbon which is the hardest material known till date.
- The graphite is an allotrope of carbon that can easily conduct electricity.
- Carbon is the 4th most abundant element found in the entire universe.
- Carbon is released from our body in the form of CO2 through exhalation.
Properties of carbon
Here is a list of some physical properties and chemical properties of carbon.
Physical properties of carbon
- The diamond is the allotrope of carbon that has a clear appearance and it is the hardest known material on the earth.
- The graphite is an allotrope of carbon that has a shiny black appearance.
- The graphite is a good conductor of electricity while the diamond is a good insulator.
- Graphite is a soft material which is used as a lubricant.
- The diamond is a hard material which is used as an abrasive.
Chemical properties of carbon
- The electron configuration of carbon element is [He] 2s2 2p2 and it has 4 valence electrons.
- Carbon can form a large number of compounds through a long chain of interconnecting carbon-carbon bonds.
- The carbon element does not react with chlorine, alkalis as well as acids like HCl and H2SO4.
- Carbon shows a reaction with oxygen at high temperatures, and it forms carbon oxides.
- Carbon reacts with sulfur to form carbon disulfide.
- Metallic carbides are formed when carbon reacts with metals at high temperatures.
Uses of carbon
Here are some uses of the carbon element.
- Carbon is alloyed with iron to form a carbon steel.
- Graphite is added to clay in making pencil leads.
- The charcoal is used as a drawing material in artwork.
- The carbon is also present in wood, oil as well as coal, and these are used as fuels to produce heat.
- It is also used in the manufacturing of brushes for electric motors.
- Carbon black is used in printing ink (for black pigment).