Sulfur element (S) is in group 16 and period 3 of a periodic table. Sulfur is in the p-block and it is classified as an oxygen group element (chalcogens) on the periodic table.
There is a lot more information related to sulfur which is mentioned in the Information Table given below.
So let’s dive right into it!
Table of contents
- Sulfur element (Information Table)
- Sulfur element in Periodic table
- Facts about Sulfur
- Properties of Sulfur
- Uses of Sulfur
Sulfur Element (Information Table)
The important data related to sulfur element is given in the table below.
|Appearance of sulfur||Lemon yellow|
|Atomic number of sulfur||16|
|Symbol of sulfur||S|
|Atomic mass of sulfur||32.06 u|
|Protons, Neutrons & Electrons in sulfur||Protons: 16, Neutrons: 16, Electrons: 16|
|State of sulfur (at STP)||Solid|
|Group number of sulfur in periodic table||16|
|Period number of sulfur in periodic table||3|
|Block of sulfur in periodic table||p-block|
|Category of sulfur||Nonmetals (Chalcogens)|
|Bohr model or Electrons per shell or Electrons arrangement in sulfur||2, 8, 6|
|Electron configuration of sulfur||[Ne] 3s2 3p4|
|Orbital diagram of sulfur|
|Valence electrons in sulfur||6|
|Electronegativity of sulfur (on pauling scale)||2.58|
|Atomic radius of sulfur (van der Waals radius)||180 picometers|
|Density of sulfur||1.96 g/cm3|
|1st ionization energy of sulfur||10.360 eV|
|Main isotope of sulfur||32S|
|Melting point of sulfur||388.3 K or 115.2 °C or 239.3 °F|
|Boiling point of sulfur||717.8 K or 444.6 °C or 832.3 °F|
|Crystal structure of sulfur||Orthorhombic|
Also see: Interactive Periodic Table (It has rotating bohr models as well as many other details of all the 118 elements in a single periodic table).
Sulfur element in Periodic table
The Sulfur element (S) has the atomic number 16 and is located in group 16 and period 3. Sulfur is a nonmetal and it is classified as a chalcogen element.
Facts about sulfur
Here are a few interesting facts about sulfur element.
- Sulfur is the 10th most abundant element found from the earth’s crust.
- Sulfur is an element that can be found in its pure form.
- Sulfur is mostly found from the volcanoes.
- Sulfur is also present in the human body.
- The tears that come in your eyes while cutting onion is due to sulfur present in it.
- The acid rain occurs due to an increase in SO2 in the atmosphere.
- 3% of the earth’s mass is because of the sulfur element present in the earth’s crust.
- Sulfur is also present in meteorites.
Properties of sulfur
Here is a list of some physical properties and chemical properties of sulfur.
Physical properties of sulfur
- Sulfur is a nonmetal and it has a lemon yellow color.
- Pure sulfur is odorless, but the compounds of sulfur have a smell.
- H2S (hydrogen sulfide) smells like rotten eggs and it is a poisonous gas.
- When solid sulfur is burnt, it turns into a reddish color and then it begins to melt.
- The density of sulfur is 1.96 g/cm3 and its atomic mass is 32.06 amu.
- The melting point and boiling point of sulfur are 115.2 °C and 444.6 °C respectively.
Chemical properties of sulfur
- Sulfur can form compounds with many other elements because it has variable oxidation states.
- The sulfur dioxide gas (SO2) present in the atmosphere reacts with moisture and forms a sulfuric acid, which results in acid rain.
- The sulfur burns with a blue flame and it liberates sulfur dioxide gas (H2S), which pollutes the earth’s atmosphere.
- Sulfur is insoluble in water but it is soluble in carbon disulfide.
Uses of sulfur
Here are some uses of the sulfur element.
- The main use of sulfur is in production of sulfuric acid (H2SO4).
- Sulfuric acid (which is a compound of sulfur) is also used in the manufacturing of fertilizers.
- Sulfur is used in the manufacturing of dyes and pigments.
- Sulfur is also used in making rubber and cement.
- Sulfur is also used in vehicle batteries.