Lewis Structure of OF3- (With 5 Simple Steps to Draw!)

Lewis Structure of OF3-

Ready to learn how to draw the lewis structure of OF3- ion?


Here, I have explained 5 simple steps to draw the lewis dot structure of OF3- ion (along with images).

So, if you are ready to go with these 5 simple steps, then let’s dive right into it!

Lewis structure of OF3- ion contains three single bonds between the Oxygen (O) atom and each Fluorine (F) atom. The Oxygen atom (O) is at the center and it is surrounded by 3 Fluorine atoms (F). The Oxygen atom has 2 lone pairs and all the three Fluorine atoms have 3 lone pairs. The Oxygen atom has -1 formal charge.

Let’s draw and understand this lewis dot structure step by step.

(Note: Take a pen and paper with you and try to draw this lewis structure along with me. I am sure you will definitely learn how to draw lewis structure of OF3- ion).

5 Steps to Draw the Lewis Structure of OF3- ion

Step #1: Calculate the total number of valence electrons

Here, the given ion is OF3- ion. In order to draw the lewis structure of OF3- ion, first of all you have to find the total number of valence electrons present in the OF3- ion.
(Valence electrons are the number of electrons present in the outermost shell of an atom).

So, let’s calculate this first.

Calculation of valence electrons in OF3- ion

  • For Oxygen:

Oxygen is a group 16 element on the periodic table.

Hence, the valence electron present in oxygen is 6 (see below image).

  • For Fluorine: 

Fluorine is a group 17 element on the periodic table.

Hence, the valence electrons present in fluorine is 7 (see below image).

Hence in a OF3- ion, 

Valence electrons given by Oxygen (O) atom = 6
Valence electrons given by each Fluorine (F) atom = 7
Electron due to -1 charge, 1 more electron is added
So, total number of Valence electrons in OF3- ion = 6 + 7(3) + 1 = 28

Step #2: Select the center atom

While selecting the atom, always put the least electronegative atom at the center. 

(Remember: Fluorine is the most electronegative element on the periodic table and the electronegativity decreases as we move right to left in the periodic table as well as top to bottom in the periodic table). [1]

Here in the OF3- ion, if we compare the oxygen atom (O) and fluorine atom (F), then the oxygen is less electronegative than fluorine.

So, oxygen should be placed in the center and the remaining 3 fluorine atoms will surround it.

step 1

Step #3: Put two electrons between the atoms to represent a chemical bond

Now in the above sketch of OF3 molecule, put the two electrons (i.e electron pair) between each oxygen atom and fluorine atom to represent a chemical bond between them.

step 2

These pairs of electrons present between the Oxygen (O) and Fluorine (F) atoms form a chemical bond, which bonds the oxygen and fluorine atoms with each other in a OF3 molecule.

Step #4: Complete the octet (or duplet) on outside atoms. If the valence electrons are left, then put the valence electrons pair on the central atom

Don’t worry, I’ll explain!

In the Lewis structure of OF3- ion, the outer atoms are fluorine atoms.

So now, you have to complete the octet on these fluorine atoms (because fluorine requires 8 electrons to have a complete outer shell).

step 3

Now, you can see in the above image that all the fluorine atoms form an octet.

Also, only 24 valence electrons of OF3- ion are used in the above structure.

But there are total 28 valence electrons in OF3- ion (as calculated in step #1).

So the number of electrons left to be kept on the central atom = 28 – 24 = 4.

So let’s keep these four electrons (i.e 2 electron pairs) on the central atom.

step 4

Now, let’s move to the next step.

Step #5: Check the formal charge

Now, you have come to the final step and here you have to check the formal charge on oxygen atom (O) as well as each fluorine atom (F).

For that, you need to remember the formula of formal charge;

Formal charge = Valence electrons – Nonbonding electrons – (Bonding electrons)/2

step 5
  • For Oxygen:
    Valence electron = 6 (as it is in group 16)
    Nonbonding electrons = 4
    Bonding electrons = 6
  • For Fluorine:
    Valence electron = 7 (as it is in group 17)
    Nonbonding electrons = 6
    Bonding electrons = 2
Formal charge=Valence electronsNonbonding electrons(Bonding electrons)/2

Let’s keep these charges on the atoms in the above lewis structure.

step 6

As you can see in the above sketch, there is one -ve charge on the oxygen atom, which indicates the -1 formal charge on the OF3 molecule.

Hence, the above lewis structure of OF3- ion is the stable lewis structure.

Each electron pair (:) in the lewis dot structure of OF3- ion represents the single bond ( | ). So the above lewis dot structure of OF3- ion can also be represented as shown below.

of3- lewis structure

Related lewis structures for your practice:
Lewis Structure of PH4+
Lewis Structure of SHF
Lewis Structure of SeS3
Lewis Structure of IBr5
Lewis Structure of AsI3 

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Jay is an educator and has helped more than 100,000 students in their studies by providing simple and easy explanations on different science-related topics. With a desire to make learning accessible for everyone, he founded Knords Learning, an online learning platform that provides students with easily understandable explanations.

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