Lewis Structure of BeF2 (With 6 Simple Steps to Draw!)

Lewis Structure of BeF2

Ready to learn how to draw the lewis structure of BeF2?


Here, I have explained 6 simple steps to draw the lewis dot structure of BeF2 (along with images).

So, if you are ready to go with these 6 simple steps, then let’s dive right into it!

Lewis structure of BeF2 contains two single bonds between the Beryllium (Be) atom and each Fluorine (F) atom. The Beryllium atom (Be) is at the center and it is surrounded by 2 Fluorine atoms (F). The Beryllium does not have lone pairs while both the Fluorine atoms have 3 lone pairs.

Let’s draw and understand this lewis dot structure step by step.

(Note: Take a pen and paper with you and try to draw this lewis structure along with me. I am sure you will definitely learn how to draw lewis structure of BeF2).

6 Steps to Draw the Lewis Structure of BeF2

Step #1: Calculate the total number of valence electrons

Here, the given molecule is BeF2 (beryllium difluoride). In order to draw the lewis structure of BeF2, first of all you have to find the total number of valence electrons present in the BeF2 molecule.
(Valence electrons are the number of electrons present in the outermost shell of an atom).

So, let’s calculate this first.

Calculation of valence electrons in BeF2

  • For Beryllium: 

Beryllium is a group 2 element on the periodic table. [1]

Hence, the valence electron present in beryllium is 2 (see below image).

  • For Fluorine: 

Fluorine is a group 17 element on the periodic table. [2]

Hence, the valence electrons present in fluorine is 7 (see below image).

Hence in a BeF2 molecule, 

Valence electrons given by Beryllium (Be) atom = 2
Valence electrons given by each Fluorine (F) atom = 7
So, total number of Valence electrons in BeF2 molecule = 2 + 7(2) = 16

Step #2: Select the center atom

While selecting the atom, always put the least electronegative atom at the center. 

(Remember: Fluorine is the most electronegative element on the periodic table and the electronegativity decreases as we move right to left in the periodic table as well as top to bottom in the periodic table). [3]

Here in the BeF2 molecule, if we compare the beryllium atom (Be) and fluorine atom (F), then the beryllium is less electronegative than fluorine.

So, beryllium should be placed in the center and the remaining 2 fluorine atoms will surround it.

step 1

Step #3: Put two electrons between the atoms to represent a chemical bond

Now in the above sketch of BeF2 molecule, put the two electrons (i.e electron pair) between beryllium atom and fluorine atom to represent a chemical bond between them.

step 2

These pairs of electrons present between the Beryllium (Be) and Fluorine (F) atoms form a chemical bond, which bonds the beryllium and fluorine atoms with each other in a BeF2 molecule.

Step #4: Complete the octet (or duplet) on outside atoms. If the valence electrons are left, then put the valence electrons pair on the central atom

Don’t worry, I’ll explain!

In the Lewis structure of BeF2, the outer atoms are fluorine atoms.

So now, you have to complete the octet on these fluorine atoms (because fluorine requires 8 electrons to have a complete outer shell).

step 3

Now, you can see in the above image that all the fluorine atoms form an octet.

Also, all the 16 valence electrons of BeF2 molecule (as calculated in step #1) are used in the above structure. So there are no remaining electron pairs.

Hence there is no change in the above sketch of BeF2.

Let’s move to the next step.

Step #5: Check whether the central atom is stable or not

In this step, we have to check whether the central atom (i.e beryllium) is stable or not. 

The beryllium atom does not require 8 electrons in its outer orbit to become stable.

step 4

As you can see from the above image, the central atom (i.e beryllium), has 4 electrons. This indicates that the s-orbitals of beryllium are completely filled. So it is stable.

Step #6: Final step – Check the stability of lewis structure by calculating the formal charge on each atom

Now, you have come to the final step and here you have to check the formal charge on beryllium atom (Be) as well as each fluorine atom (F).

For that, you need to remember the formula of formal charge;

Formal charge = Valence electrons – Nonbonding electrons – (Bonding electrons)/2

step 5
  • For Beryllium:
    Valence electron = 2 (as it is in group 2)
    Nonbonding electrons = 0
    Bonding electrons = 4
  • For Fluorine:
    Valence electron = 7 (as it is in group 17)
    Nonbonding electrons = 6
    Bonding electrons = 2
Formal charge=Valence electronsNonbonding electrons(Bonding electrons)/2

So you can see above that the formal charges on beryllium as well as fluorine are “zero”.

Hence, there will not be any change in the above structure and the above lewis structure of BeF2 is the final stable structure only.

Each electron pair (:) in the lewis dot structure of BeF2 represents the single bond ( | ). So the above lewis dot structure of BeF2 can also be represented as shown below.

BeF2 Lewis Structure

Related lewis structures for your practice:
Lewis structure of OH-
Lewis structure of N2H2
Lewis structure of CH3Cl
Lewis structure of HBr
Lewis structure of N2H4

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Jay is an educator and has helped more than 100,000 students in their studies by providing simple and easy explanations on different science-related topics. With a desire to make learning accessible for everyone, he founded Knords Learning, an online learning platform that provides students with easily understandable explanations.

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