Beryllium (Be) – Periodic Table [Element Information & More]

beryllium element periodic table

Beryllium element (Be) is in group 2 and period 2 of a periodic table. Beryllium is in the s-block and it is classified as an alkaline earth metal on the periodic table.

There is a lot more information related to beryllium which is mentioned in the Information Table given below.

So let’s dive right into it!

Table of contents

Beryllium Element (Information Table)

The important data related to beryllium element is given in the table below.

Appearance of berylliumMetallic gray color
Atomic number of beryllium4
Symbol of berylliumBe
Atomic mass of beryllium9.012 u
Protons, Neutrons & Electrons in berylliumProtons: 4, Neutrons: 5, Electrons: 4
State of beryllium (at STP)Solid
Group number of beryllium in periodic table2
Period number of beryllium in periodic table2
Block of beryllium in periodic tables-block
Category of berylliumAlkaline earth metals
Bohr model or Electrons per shell or Electrons arrangement in beryllium2, 2
Electron configuration of beryllium[He] 2s2
Orbital diagram of berylliumorbital diagram of beryllium
Valence electrons in beryllium2
Electronegativity of beryllium (on pauling scale)1.57
Atomic radius of beryllium (van der Waals radius)153 picometers
Density of beryllium1.85 g/cm3
1st ionization energy of beryllium9.323 eV
Main isotope of beryllium9Be
Melting point of beryllium1560 K or 1287 °C or 2349 °F
Boiling point of beryllium2742 K or 2469 °C or 4476 °F
Crystal structure of berylliumHexagonal closed packing (HCP)
Discovery of berylliumBy Nicholas Louis Vauquelin in 1798

Also see: Interactive Periodic Table (It has rotating bohr models as well as many other details of all the 118 elements in a single periodic table).

Beryllium element in Periodic table

The Beryllium element (Be) has the atomic number 4 and is located in group 2 and period 2. Beryllium is in solid state at STP and it is classified as an alkaline earth metal on the periodic table.

Click on above elements in the periodic table to see their information.

Facts about beryllium

Here are a few interesting facts about beryllium element.

  1. Beryllium has a density of 1.85 g/cm3, which makes it the lightest alkaline earth metal.
  2. The US, China and Kazakhstan are the major producers of beryllium.
  3. Beryllium is the 44th most abundant element found from the earth’s crust.
  4. Beryllium metal is transparent to the X-rays and because of this the X-rays can easily pass through beryllium metal.
  5. The density of beryllium is 1.85 g/cm3 which is 2/3rd the density of aluminum.
  6. Beryllium is a toxic metal.
  7. Beryllium is not available in its pure form, but it is always obtained from its compounds that are present in the earth’s crust.

Properties of beryllium

Here is a list of some physical properties and chemical properties of beryllium.

Physical properties of beryllium

  • Beryllium is a hard metal having a metallic gray appearance.
  • The melting point of beryllium is 1560 K, which is the highest melting point when compared to the melting point of other known light metals.
  • Beryllium has higher modulus of elasticity and low density which results in fast sound conduction speed in beryllium (around 12.9km/s).
  • Beryllium is transparent to X-rays and gamma rays, so these rays can pass through beryllium.

Chemical properties of beryllium

  • Beryllium is reactive metal and it forms a thin oxide layer when kept open in air.
  • The electronic configuration of beryllium is [He] 2s2, and it loses the 2 valence electrons during a chemical reaction to form a stable duplet.
  • Beryllium is toxic in nature.
  • Beryllium gets dissolved easily in non oxidizing acids like hydrochloric acid and diluted sulfuric acid.
  • Beryllium does not dissolve in water (H2O) or nitric acid (HNO3). Because it results in oxides.

Uses of beryllium

Here are some uses of the beryllium element.

  • The most important use of beryllium is in making radiation windows for X-ray tubes (as beryllium is transparent to X-rays).
  • Beryllium is added to copper which forms an alloy (beryllium copper) that is approximately 6 times stronger than copper.
  • Beryllium is also used as a cladding material for nuclear fuel rods.
  • Because of the hardness, higher melting point and high capacity to dissipate heat, the beryllium metal was also used in brakes of military airplanes.

External resources:

  1. Beryllium – Wikipedia. (2007, December 10). Beryllium – Wikipedia.
  2. Beryllium – Element information, properties and uses | Periodic Table. (n.d.). Beryllium – Element Information, Properties and Uses | Periodic Table.
  3. P. (n.d.). Beryllium | Be (Element) – PubChem. Beryllium | Be (Element) – PubChem.
  4. Periodic Table of Elements: Los Alamos National Laboratory. (n.d.). Periodic Table of Elements: Los Alamos National Laboratory.
  5. It’s Elemental – The Element Beryllium. (n.d.). It’s Elemental – the Element Beryllium.
  6. Atomic Weight of Beryllium | Commission on Isotopic Abundances and Atomic Weights. (n.d.). Atomic Weight of Beryllium | Commission on Isotopic Abundances and Atomic Weights.
  7. Atomic Data for Beryllium (Be). (n.d.). Atomic Data for Beryllium (Be).
  8. Beryllium | Be | ChemSpider. (n.d.). Beryllium | Be | ChemSpider.
  9. Beryllium Statistics and Information | U.S. Geological Survey. (n.d.). Beryllium Statistics and Information | U.S. Geological Survey.
  11. Haynes, W. M. (Ed.). (2014, June 4). CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics.
  12. Emsley, J. (2011). Nature’s Building Blocks: An A-Z Guide to the Elements. United Kingdom: OUP Oxford.
  13. Sansonetti, J. E., & Martin, W. C. (2005, December). Handbook of Basic Atomic Spectroscopic Data. Journal of Physical and Chemical Reference Data, 34(4), 1559–2259.
  14. Bondi, A. (1964, March). van der Waals Volumes and Radii. The Journal of Physical Chemistry, 68(3), 441–451.
  15. James A. M. & Lord M. P. (1992). Macmillan’s chemical and physical data. Macmillan.
  16. Holden, et al. (2018, December 1). IUPAC Periodic Table of the Elements and Isotopes (IPTEI) for the Education Community (IUPAC Technical Report). Pure and Applied Chemistry, 90(12), 1833–2092.
  17. Allred, A. (1961, June). Electronegativity values from thermochemical data. Journal of Inorganic and Nuclear Chemistry, 17(3–4), 215–221.
  18. Kaye, G W.C., & Laby, T H. Tables of physical and chemical constants. 15th Edition. United States.
  19. Zhang, Y., Evans, J. R. G., & Yang, S. (2011, January 11). Corrected Values for Boiling Points and Enthalpies of Vaporization of Elements in Handbooks. Journal of Chemical & Engineering Data, 56(2), 328–337.
  20. Possolo, A., van der Veen, A. M. H., Meija, J., & Hibbert, D. B. (2018, January 4). Interpreting and propagating the uncertainty of the standard atomic weights (IUPAC Technical Report). Pure and Applied Chemistry, 90(2), 395–424.

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