Lewis Structure of CH3Br (With 6 Simple Steps to Draw!)

Lewis structure of CH3Br

I’m super excited to teach you the lewis structure of CH3Br (Bromomethane) in just 6 simple steps.

Infact, I’ve also given the step-by-step images for drawing the lewis dot structure of CH3Br molecule.

So, if you are ready to go with these 6 simple steps, then let’s dive right into it!

Lewis structure of CH3Br contains a single bond between the Carbon (C) & Hydrogen (H) atoms as well as between the Carbon (C) & Bromine (Br) atom. The Carbon atom (C) is at the center and it is surrounded by three Hydrogen (H) and one Bromine atom (Br). The Bromine atom has 3 lone pairs.

Let’s draw and understand this lewis dot structure step by step.

(Note: Take a pen and paper with you and try to draw this lewis structure along with me. I am sure you will definitely learn how to draw lewis structure of CH3Br).

6 Steps to Draw the Lewis Structure of CH3Br

Step #1: Calculate the total number of valence electrons

Here, the given molecule is CH3Br. In order to draw the lewis structure of CH3Br, first of all you have to find the total number of valence electrons present in the CH3Br molecule.
(Valence electrons are the number of electrons present in the outermost shell of an atom).

So, let’s calculate this first.

Calculation of valence electrons in CH3Br

  • For Carbon:

Carbon is a group 14 element on the periodic table.

Hence, the valence electrons present in carbon is 4 (see below image).

  • For Hydrogen: 

Hydrogen is a group 1 element on the periodic table.

Hence, the valence electron present in hydrogen is 1 (see below image).

  • For Bromine:

Bromine is a group 17 element on the periodic table.

Hence, the valence electrons present in bromine is 7 (see below image).

Hence in a CH3Br molecule, 

Valence electrons given by Carbon (C) atom = 4
Valence electron given by each Hydrogen (H) atom = 1
Valence electrons given by Bromine (Br) atom = 7
So, total number of Valence electrons in CH3Br molecule = 4 + 1(3) + 7 = 14

Step #2: Select the center atom (H is always outside)

While selecting the center atom, always put the least electronegative atom at the center.

(Remember: Fluorine is the most electronegative element on the periodic table and the electronegativity decreases as we move right to left in the periodic table as well as top to bottom in the periodic table).

Here in the CH3Br molecule, if we compare the carbon atom (C) and bromine atom (Br), then the carbon is less electronegative than bromine.

So, carbon should be placed in the center and the bromine atom will surround it.

Also as per the rule, we have to keep hydrogen outside.

step 1

Step #3: Put two electrons between the atoms to represent a chemical bond

Now in the above sketch of CH3Br molecule, put the two electrons (i.e electron pair) between the carbon-hydrogen atoms and carbon-bromine atoms to represent a chemical bond between them.

step 2

These pairs of electrons present between the Carbon & Bromine atom as well as between the Carbon & Hydrogen atoms form a chemical bond, which bonds these atoms with each other in a CH3Br molecule.

Step #4: Complete the octet (or duplet) on outside atoms. If the valence electrons are left, then put the valence electrons pair on the central atom

Don’t worry, I’ll explain!

In the Lewis structure of CH3Br, the outer atoms are hydrogen atoms and bromine atom.

So now, you have to check whether these hydrogen atoms are forming a duplet or not! (because hydrogen requires only 2 electrons to have a complete outer shell).

You also have to see whether the bromine atom is forming an octet or not! (because bromine requires 8 electrons to have a complete outer shell).

step 3

You can see in the above image that all the hydrogen atoms form a duplet. And the bromine atom also form an octet.

Also, all the 14 valence electrons of CH3Br molecule (as calculated in step #1) are used in the above structure. So there are no remaining electron pairs.

Hence there is no change in the above sketch of CH3Br.

Let’s move to the next step.

Step #5: Check whether the central atom has octet or not

In this step, we have to check whether the central atom (i.e carbon) has an octet or not. 

In simple words, we have to check whether the central Carbon (C) atom is having 8 electrons or not.

step 4

As you can see from the above image, the central atom (i.e carbon), is having 8 electrons. So it fulfills the octet rule and the carbon atom is stable.

Step #6: Final step – Check the stability of lewis structure by calculating the formal charge on each atom

Now, you have come to the final step and here you have to check the formal charge on carbon atom (C), bromine (Br) atom as well as hydrogen atoms (H).

For that, you need to remember the formula of formal charge;

Formal charge = Valence electrons – Nonbonding electrons – (Bonding electrons)/2

step 5
  • For Carbon:
    Valence electrons = 4 (as it is in group 14)
    Nonbonding electrons = 0
    Bonding electrons = 8
  • For Bromine:
    Valence electron = 7 (as it is in group 17)
    Nonbonding electrons = 6
    Bonding electrons = 2
  • For Hydrogen:
    Valence electron = 1 (as it is in group 1)
    Nonbonding electrons = 0
    Bonding electrons = 2
Formal charge=Valence electronsNonbonding electrons(Bonding electrons)/2
C=408/2=0
Br=762/2=0
H=102/2=0

So you can see above that the formal charges on carbon, bromine as well as hydrogen are “zero”.

Hence, there will not be any change in the above structure and the above lewis structure of CH3Br is the final stable structure only.

Each electron pair (:) in the lewis dot structure of CH3Br represents the single bond ( | ). So the above lewis dot structure of CH3Br can also be represented as shown below.

CH3Br Lewis structure

Related lewis structures for your practice:
Lewis Structure of CH3OCH3
Lewis Structure of HCOOH (Formic acid)
Lewis Structure of IF3
Lewis Structure of XeO4
Lewis Structure of SF3+ 

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