Boron element (B) is in group 13 and period 2 of a periodic table. Boron is in the p-block and it is classified as a Metalloid on the periodic table.
There is a lot more information related to boron which is mentioned in the Information Table given below.
So let’s dive right into it!
Table of contents
- Boron element (Information Table)
- Boron element in Periodic table
- Facts about Boron
- Properties of Boron
- Uses of Boron
Boron Element (Information Table)
The important data related to boron element is given in the table below.
|Appearance of boron||Black and brown|
|Atomic number of boron||5|
|Symbol of boron||B|
|Atomic mass of boron||10.81 u|
|Protons, Neutrons & Electrons in boron||Protons: 5, Neutrons: 6, Electrons: 5|
|State of boron (at STP)||Solid|
|Group number of boron in periodic table||13|
|Period number of boron in periodic table||2|
|Block of boron in periodic table||p-block|
|Category of boron||Metalloids|
|Bohr model or Electrons per shell or Electrons arrangement in boron||2, 3|
|Electron configuration of boron||[He] 2s2 2p1|
|Orbital diagram of boron|
|Valence electrons in boron||3|
|Electronegativity of boron (on pauling scale)||2.04|
|Atomic radius of boron (van der Waals radius)||192 picometers|
|Density of boron||2.08 g/cm3|
|1st ionization energy of boron||8.298 eV|
|Main isotope of boron||11B|
|Melting point of boron||2349 K or 2076 °C or 3769 °F|
|Boiling point of boron||4200 K or 3927 °C or 7101 °F|
|Crystal structure of boron||Rhombohedral|
|Discovery of boron||By Joseph Louis Gay-Lussac and Louis Jacques Thenard (in 1808)|
Also see: Interactive Periodic Table (It has rotating bohr models as well as many other details of all the 118 elements in a single periodic table).
Boron element in Periodic table
The Boron element (B) has the atomic number 5 and is located in group 13 and period 2. Boron is a metalloid and it is classified as a boron group element.
Click on above elements in the periodic table to see their information.
Facts about boron
Here are a few interesting facts about boron element.
- Boron has the highest melting point out of all the metalloids present on the periodic table.
- Boron is the lightest element in the boron family.
- The boron is produced largely in Turkey and the US.
- 50% of the total boron production is used in manufacturing of fiberglass and structural materials.
Properties of boron
Here is a list of some physical properties and chemical properties of boron.
Physical properties of boron
- Boron is a brittle metal having a lustrous black and brown surface.
- The melting point and boiling point of boron is 2349 K and 4200 K respectively.
- The atomic size of boron is 192 picometers.
Chemical properties of boron
- The boron element has 3 valence electrons that form covalent bonds with other elements.
- Boron can easily form oxides, sulfides, nitrides and halides.
- Boron reacts with the air at higher temperature and forms boron trioxide.
- Boron and hydrogen react with each other to form boranes.
Uses of boron
Here are some uses of the boron element.
- The main use of boron is in manufacturing of fiberglass for insulations as well as in other structural materials.
- Boron trifluoride (BF3) is a compound of boron that is used as a catalyst in petrochemical industries.
- Boron is also used in manufacturing of boric acid.
- Boron is added to boron steels in very small proportions to increase its hardenability.
- Boron is also used in making strong permanent magnets.
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