Tin (Sn) – Periodic Table [Element Information & More]

tin element periodic table

Tin element (Sn) is in group 14 and period 5 of a periodic table. Tin is in the p-block and it is classified as a post-transition element on the periodic table.

There is a lot more information related to tin which is mentioned in the Information Table given below.

So let’s dive right into it!

Table of contents

Tin Element (Information Table)

The important data related to tin element is given in the table below.

Appearance of tinSilvery-gray appearance
Atomic number of tin50
Symbol of tinSn
Atomic mass of tin118.71 u
Protons, Neutrons & Electrons in tinProtons: 50, Neutrons: 69, Electrons: 50
State of tin (at STP)Solid
Group number of tin in periodic table14
Period number of tin in periodic table5
Block of tin in periodic tablep-block
Category of tinPost transition element (carbon group)
Bohr model or Electrons per shell or Electrons arrangement in tin2, 8, 18, 18, 4
Electron configuration of tin[Kr] 4d10 5s2 5p2
Orbital diagram of tinorbital diagram of tin
Valence electrons in tin4
Electronegativity of tin (on pauling scale)1.96
Atomic radius of tin (van der Waals radius)217 picometers
Density of tin7.31 g/cm3
1st ionization energy of tin7.344 eV
Main isotope of tin120Sn
Melting point of tin505.1 K or 231.9 °C or 449.4 °F
Boiling point of tin2875 K or 2602 °C or 4716 °F
Crystal structure of tinTetragonal

Also see: Interactive Periodic Table (It has rotating bohr models as well as many other details of all the 118 elements in a single periodic table).

Tin element in Periodic table

The Tin element (Sn) has the atomic number 50 and is located in group 14 and period 5. Tin is a metal and it is classified as a post-transition element.

Click on above elements in the periodic table to see their information.

Facts about tin

Here are a few interesting facts about tin element.

  1. Tin is the 50th most abundant element present in the earth’s crust.
  2. The earth’s crust contains around 2 ppm of tin.
  3. Tin makes a screaming sound when it is bent. This is known as “Tin cry”.
  4. SnO2 is the main ore of tin and most of the tin is obtained from this ore.

Properties of tin

Here is a list of some physical properties and chemical properties of tin.

Physical properties of tin

  • Tin is a soft metal and it has a silvery white appearance.
  • Tin metal gives a shiny surface when it is polished.
  • The tin has a density of 7.31 g/cm3 and its atomic mass is 118.71 u.
  • Tin is malleable metal. Because of this property of tin, it can be drawn into thin sheets.
  • There are many isotopes of tin and out of these isotopes, the most abundant isotope is 120Sn.
  • The melting point and boiling point of tin is 505.1 K and 2875 K respectively.
  • Tin has a tetragonal crystal structure.

Chemical properties of tin

  • 12% tin is mixed with 88% copper to produce bronze metal.
  • Tin behaves like a superconductor at the temperature below 13 °C.
  • Tin is resistant to corrosion.
  • Tin has an electronegativity of 1.96 on the pauling scale.

Uses of tin

Here are some uses of the tin element.

  • Tin is mainly used in the manufacturing of bronze which is made by alloying 12% tin and 88% copper.
  • Tin is used in the manufacturing of fusible plugs as it has a lower melting point (231.9 °C).
  • Tin and lead are alloyed to make the solder for the soldering process.
  • Tin is alloyed with niobium which gives a tin-niobium alloy. This alloy behaves like a superconductor at temperatures below 13 °C.
  • Tin is also used for plating of other metals.

External resources:

  1. Electronic structure of the elements. (2000, March). The European Physical Journal C, 15(1–4), 78–79. https://doi.org/10.1007/bf02683401
  2. James A. M. & Lord M. P. (1992). Macmillan’s chemical and physical data. Macmillan.
  3. Bedford, et al. (1996, April 1). Recommended values of temperature on the International Temperature Scale of 1990 for a selected set of secondary reference points. Metrologia, 33(2), 133–154. https://doi.org/10.1088/0026-1394/33/2/3
  4. Allred, A. (1961, June). Electronegativity values from thermochemical data. Journal of Inorganic and Nuclear Chemistry, 17(3–4), 215–221. https://doi.org/10.1016/0022-1902(61)80142-5
  5. Periodic Table of Elements: Los Alamos National Laboratory. (n.d.). Periodic Table of Elements: Los Alamos National Laboratory. https://periodic.lanl.gov/50.shtml
  6. Tin – Element information, properties and uses | Periodic Table. (n.d.). Tin – Element Information, Properties and Uses | Periodic Table. https://www.rsc.org/periodic-table/element/50/tin
  7. Possolo, et al. (2018, January 4). Interpreting and propagating the uncertainty of the standard atomic weights (IUPAC Technical Report). Pure and Applied Chemistry, 90(2), 395–424. https://doi.org/10.1515/pac-2016-0402
  8. Emsley, J. (2011). Nature’s Building Blocks: An A-Z Guide to the Elements. United Kingdom: OUP Oxford.
  9. Haynes, W. M. (Ed.). (2014, June 4). CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics. https://doi.org/10.1201/b17118
  10. Tin – Wikipedia. (2013, January 23). Tin – Wikipedia. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tin
  11. P. (n.d.). Tin | Sn (Element) – PubChem. Tin | Sn (Element) – PubChem. https://pubchem.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/element/Tin
  12. It’s Elemental – The Element Tin. (n.d.). It’s Elemental – the Element Tin. https://education.jlab.org/itselemental/ele050.html
  13. Atomic Weight of Tin | Commission on Isotopic Abundances and Atomic Weights. (n.d.). Atomic Weight of Tin | Commission on Isotopic Abundances and Atomic Weights. https://ciaaw.org/tin.htm
  14. Atomic Data for Tin (Sn). (n.d.). Atomic Data for Tin (Sn). https://physics.nist.gov/PhysRefData/Handbook/Tables/tintable1.htm
  15. Tin | Sn | ChemSpider. (n.d.). Tin | Sn | ChemSpider. http://www.chemspider.com/Chemical-Structure.4509318.html?rid=3854f8f8-2114-4f2a-8fa3-0d823e5c80fd
  16. Tin Statistics and Information | U.S. Geological Survey. (n.d.). Tin Statistics and Information | U.S. Geological Survey. https://www.usgs.gov/centers/national-minerals-information-center/tin-statistics-and-information
  17. C&EN: IT’S ELEMENTAL: THE PERIODIC TABLE – TIN. (n.d.). C&EN: IT’S ELEMENTAL: THE PERIODIC TABLE – TIN. https://pubsapp.acs.org/cen/80th/tin.html?

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