Tin element (Sn) is in group 14 and period 5 of a periodic table. Tin is in the p-block and it is classified as a post-transition element on the periodic table.
There is a lot more information related to tin which is mentioned in the Information Table given below.
So let’s dive right into it!
Table of contents
- Tin element (Information Table)
- Tin element in Periodic table
- Facts about Tin
- Properties of Tin
- Uses of Tin
Tin Element (Information Table)
The important data related to tin element is given in the table below.
|Appearance of tin||Silvery-gray appearance|
|Atomic number of tin||50|
|Symbol of tin||Sn|
|Atomic mass of tin||118.71 u|
|Protons, Neutrons & Electrons in tin||Protons: 50, Neutrons: 69, Electrons: 50|
|State of tin (at STP)||Solid|
|Group number of tin in periodic table||14|
|Period number of tin in periodic table||5|
|Block of tin in periodic table||p-block|
|Category of tin||Post transition element (carbon group)|
|Bohr model or Electrons per shell or Electrons arrangement in tin||2, 8, 18, 18, 4|
|Electron configuration of tin||[Kr] 4d10 5s2 5p2|
|Orbital diagram of tin|
|Valence electrons in tin||4|
|Electronegativity of tin (on pauling scale)||1.96|
|Atomic radius of tin (van der Waals radius)||217 picometers|
|Density of tin||7.31 g/cm3|
|1st ionization energy of tin||7.344 eV|
|Main isotope of tin||120Sn|
|Melting point of tin||505.1 K or 231.9 °C or 449.4 °F|
|Boiling point of tin||2875 K or 2602 °C or 4716 °F|
|Crystal structure of tin||Tetragonal|
Also see: Interactive Periodic Table (It has rotating bohr models as well as many other details of all the 118 elements in a single periodic table).
Tin element in Periodic table
The Tin element (Sn) has the atomic number 50 and is located in group 14 and period 5. Tin is a metal and it is classified as a post-transition element.
Facts about tin
Here are a few interesting facts about tin element.
- Tin is the 50th most abundant element present in the earth’s crust.
- The earth’s crust contains around 2 ppm of tin.
- Tin makes a screaming sound when it is bent. This is known as “Tin cry”.
- SnO2 is the main ore of tin and most of the tin is obtained from this ore.
Properties of tin
Here is a list of some physical properties and chemical properties of tin.
Physical properties of tin
- Tin is a soft metal and it has a silvery white appearance.
- Tin metal gives a shiny surface when it is polished.
- The tin has a density of 7.31 g/cm3 and its atomic mass is 118.71 u.
- Tin is malleable metal. Because of this property of tin, it can be drawn into thin sheets.
- There are many isotopes of tin and out of these isotopes, the most abundant isotope is 120Sn.
- The melting point and boiling point of tin is 505.1 K and 2875 K respectively.
- Tin has a tetragonal crystal structure.
Chemical properties of tin
- 12% tin is mixed with 88% copper to produce bronze metal.
- Tin behaves like a superconductor at the temperature below 13 °C.
- Tin is resistant to corrosion.
- Tin has an electronegativity of 1.96 on the pauling scale.
Uses of tin
Here are some uses of the tin element.
- Tin is mainly used in the manufacturing of bronze which is made by alloying 12% tin and 88% copper.
- Tin is used in the manufacturing of fusible plugs as it has a lower melting point (231.9 °C).
- Tin and lead are alloyed to make the solder for the soldering process.
- Tin is alloyed with niobium which gives a tin-niobium alloy. This alloy behaves like a superconductor at temperatures below 13 °C.
- Tin is also used for plating of other metals.