Neon element (Ne) is in group 18 and period 2 of a periodic table. Neon is in the p-block and it is classified as a noble gas on the periodic table.
There is a lot more information related to neon which is mentioned in the Information Table given below.
So let’s dive right into it!
Table of contents
- Neon element (Information Table)
- Neon element in Periodic table
- Facts about Neon
- Properties of Neon
- Uses of Neon
Neon Element (Information Table)
The important data related to neon element is given in the table below.
|Appearance of neon||Colorless gas|
|Atomic number of neon||10|
|Symbol of neon||Ne|
|Atomic mass of neon||20.180 u|
|Protons, Neutrons & Electrons in neon||Protons: 10, Neutrons: 10, Electrons: 10|
|State of neon (at STP)||Gas|
|Group number of neon in periodic table||18|
|Period number of neon in periodic table||2|
|Block of neon in periodic table||p-block|
|Category of neon||Noble gases|
|Bohr model or Electrons per shell or Electrons arrangement in neon||2, 8|
|Electron configuration of neon||[He] 2s2 2p6|
|Orbital diagram of neon|
|Valence electrons in neon||8|
|Atomic radius of neon (van der Waals radius)||154 picometers|
|Density of neon||0.9 g/L|
|1st ionization energy of neon||21.565 eV|
|Main isotope of neon||20Ne|
|Melting point of neon||24.56 K or -248.59 °C or -415.46 °F|
|Boiling point of neon||27.104 K or -246.04 °C or -410.88 °F|
|Crystal structure of neon||Face Centered Cubic (FCC)|
|Discovery of neon||By William Ramsey and Morris Travers (in 1898)|
Also see: Interactive Periodic Table (It has rotating bohr models as well as many other details of all the 118 elements in a single periodic table).
Neon element in Periodic table
The Neon element (Ne) has the atomic number 10 and is located in group 18 and period 2. Neon is a nonmetal and it is classified as a noble gas element.
Click on above elements in the periodic table to see their information.
Facts about neon
Here are a few interesting facts about neon element.
- The name “Neon” was derived from the Greek word “novum”, which means new.
- Neon is the second lightest noble gas present on the periodic table.
- The neon element is the fourth most abundant element in the universe.
- The density of neon is 2/3rd the density of air, which means it is lighter than air.
- Neon gas easily escapes the earth’s atmosphere as it is lighter than air.
- Neon gas is generally produced by liquifying the air.
- Neon is very expensive as compared to helium, and neon is available in very less quantity on the earth.
- Neon is found in stars.
Properties of neon
Here is a list of some physical properties and chemical properties of neon.
Physical properties of neon
- The neon gas is a colorless and odorless gas.
- Neon becomes liquid between the temperature range of -245.9 °C and -248.6 °C.
- The density of neon is 0.9 g/L, which is 2/3rd the density of air.
Chemical properties of neon
- Neon is a chemically inert gas and it does not show any stable chemical compounds.
- Neon is slightly soluble in water.
- Neon has a Face Centered Cubic (FCC) crystal structure.
Uses of neon
Here are some uses of the neon element.
- Liquified neon is used in cryogenic refrigerants.
- The neon gas is also used in neon sign boards.
- Neon and helium gas are used in Helium-Neon lasers.
- Neon lights help in increasing the chlorophyll content in plants. So the neon lights are also used in greenhouses as well as botanical gardens.
- Light emitted from ionized neon is used in cold regions as well as on airports, because this light can pass through water fog.
- Neon – Element information, properties and uses | Periodic Table. (n.d.). Neon – Element Information, Properties and Uses | Periodic Table. https://www.rsc.org/periodic-table/element/10/neon
- Neon – Wikipedia. (2007, February 27). Neon – Wikipedia. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Neon
- It’s Elemental – The Element Neon. (n.d.). It’s Elemental – the Element Neon. https://education.jlab.org/itselemental/ele010.html
- P. (n.d.). Neon | Ne (Element) – PubChem. Neon | Ne (Element) – PubChem. https://pubchem.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/element/Neon
- Periodic Table of Elements: Los Alamos National Laboratory. (n.d.). Periodic Table of Elements: Los Alamos National Laboratory. https://periodic.lanl.gov/10.shtml
- Atomic Weight of Neon | Commission on Isotopic Abundances and Atomic Weights. (n.d.). Atomic Weight of Neon | Commission on Isotopic Abundances and Atomic Weights. https://ciaaw.org/neon.htm
- Atomic Data for Neon (Ne). (n.d.). Atomic Data for Neon (Ne). https://physics.nist.gov/PhysRefData/Handbook/Tables/neontable1.htm
- Neon | Ne | ChemSpider. (n.d.). Neon | Ne | ChemSpider. http://www.chemspider.com/Chemical-Structure.22377.html?rid=3fc6acc7-f41b-456d-903d-3c0790fd0448
- C&EN: IT’S ELEMENTAL: THE PERIODIC TABLE – THE NOBLE GASES. (n.d.). C&EN: IT’S ELEMENTAL: THE PERIODIC TABLE – THE NOBLE GASES. https://pubsapp.acs.org/cen/80th/noblegases.html?
- Haynes, W. M. (Ed.). (2014, June 4). CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics. https://doi.org/10.1201/b17118
- Allred, A. (1961, June). Electronegativity values from thermochemical data. Journal of Inorganic and Nuclear Chemistry, 17(3–4), 215–221. https://doi.org/10.1016/0022-1902(61)80142-5
- Kaye, G W.C., & Laby, T H. Tables of physical and chemical constants. 15th Edition. United States.
- Zhang, Y., Evans, J. R. G., & Yang, S. (2011, January 11). Corrected Values for Boiling Points and Enthalpies of Vaporization of Elements in Handbooks. Journal of Chemical & Engineering Data, 56(2), 328–337. https://doi.org/10.1021/je1011086
- Possolo, A., van der Veen, A. M. H., Meija, J., & Hibbert, D. B. (2018, January 4). Interpreting and propagating the uncertainty of the standard atomic weights (IUPAC Technical Report). Pure and Applied Chemistry, 90(2), 395–424. https://doi.org/10.1515/pac-2016-0402
- Emsley, J. (2011). Nature’s Building Blocks: An A-Z Guide to the Elements. United Kingdom: OUP Oxford.
- Sansonetti, J. E., & Martin, W. C. (2005, December). Handbook of Basic Atomic Spectroscopic Data. Journal of Physical and Chemical Reference Data, 34(4), 1559–2259. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.1800011
- Bondi, A. (1964, March). van der Waals Volumes and Radii. The Journal of Physical Chemistry, 68(3), 441–451. https://doi.org/10.1021/j100785a001
- James A. M. & Lord M. P. (1992). Macmillan’s chemical and physical data. Macmillan.
- Holden, et al. (2018, December 1). IUPAC Periodic Table of the Elements and Isotopes (IPTEI) for the Education Community (IUPAC Technical Report). Pure and Applied Chemistry, 90(12), 1833–2092. https://doi.org/10.1515/pac-2015-0703
Jay is an educator and has helped more than 100,000 students in their studies by providing simple and easy explanations on different science-related topics. With a desire to make learning accessible for everyone, he founded Knords Learning, an online chemistry learning platform that provides students with easily understandable explanations.
Read more about our Editorial process.