Neon (Ne) – Periodic Table [Element Information & More]

neon element periodic table

Neon element (Ne) is in group 18 and period 2 of a periodic table. Neon is in the p-block and it is classified as a noble gas on the periodic table.

There is a lot more information related to neon which is mentioned in the Information Table given below.

So let’s dive right into it!

Table of contents

Neon Element (Information Table)

The important data related to neon element is given in the table below.

Appearance of neonColorless gas
Atomic number of neon10
Symbol of neonNe
Atomic mass of neon20.180 u
Protons, Neutrons & Electrons in neonProtons: 10, Neutrons: 10, Electrons: 10
State of neon (at STP)Gas
Group number of neon in periodic table18
Period number of neon in periodic table2
Block of neon in periodic tablep-block
Category of neonNoble gases
Bohr model or Electrons per shell or Electrons arrangement in neon2, 8
Electron configuration of neon[He] 2s2 2p6
Orbital diagram of neonorbital diagram of neon
Valence electrons in neon8
Atomic radius of neon (van der Waals radius)154 picometers
Density of neon0.9 g/L
1st ionization energy of neon21.565 eV
Main isotope of neon20Ne
Melting point of neon24.56 K or -248.59 °C or -415.46 °F
Boiling point of neon27.104 K or -246.04 °C or -410.88 °F
Crystal structure of neonFace Centered Cubic (FCC)
Discovery of neonBy William Ramsey and Morris Travers (in 1898)

Also see: Interactive Periodic Table (It has rotating bohr models as well as many other details of all the 118 elements in a single periodic table).

Neon element in Periodic table

The Neon element (Ne) has the atomic number 10 and is located in group 18 and period 2. Neon is a nonmetal and it is classified as a noble gas element.

H He
Li Be B C N O F Ne
Na Mg Al Si P S Cl Ar
K Ca Sc Ti V Cr Mn Fe Co Ni Cu Zn Ga Ge As Se Br Kr
Rb Sr Y Zr Nb Mo Tc Ru Rh Pd Ag Cd In Sn Sb Te I Xe
Cs Ba La* Hf Ta W Re Os Ir Pt Au Hg Tl Pb Bi Po At Rn
Fr Ra Ac** Rf Db Sg Bh Hs Mt Ds Rg Cn Nh Fl Mc Lv Ts Og
*Ce Pr Nd Pm Sm Eu Gd Tb Dy Ho Er Tm Yb Lu
**Th Pa U Np Pu Am Cm Bk Cf Es Fm Md No Lr

Facts about neon

Here are a few interesting facts about neon element.

  1. The name “Neon” was derived from the Greek word “novum”, which means new.
  2. Neon is the second lightest noble gas present on the periodic table.
  3. The neon element is the fourth most abundant element in the universe.
  4. The density of neon is 2/3rd the density of air, which means it is lighter than air.
  5. Neon gas easily escapes the earth’s atmosphere as it is lighter than air.
  6. Neon gas is generally produced by liquifying the air.
  7. Neon is very expensive as compared to helium, and neon is available in very less quantity on the earth.
  8. Neon is found in stars.

Properties of neon

Here is a list of some physical properties and chemical properties of neon.

Physical properties of neon

  • The neon gas is a colorless and odorless gas.
  • Neon becomes liquid between the temperature range of -245.9 °C and -248.6 °C.
  • The density of neon is 0.9 g/L, which is 2/3rd the density of air.

Chemical properties of neon

  • Neon is a chemically inert gas and it does not show any stable chemical compounds.
  • Neon is slightly soluble in water.
  • Neon has a Face Centered Cubic (FCC) crystal structure.

Uses of neon

Here are some uses of the neon element.

  • Liquified neon is used in cryogenic refrigerants.
  • The neon gas is also used in neon sign boards.
  • Neon and helium gas are used in Helium-Neon lasers.
  • Neon lights help in increasing the chlorophyll content in plants. So the neon lights are also used in greenhouses as well as botanical gardens.
  • Light emitted from ionized neon is used in cold regions as well as on airports, because this light can pass through water fog.

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