Strontium element (Sr) is in group 2 and period 5 of a periodic table. Strontium is in the s-block and it is classified as an alkaline earth metal on the periodic table.
There is a lot more information related to strontium which is mentioned in the Information Table given below.
So let’s dive right into it!
Table of contents
- Strontium element (Information Table)
- Strontium element in Periodic table
- Facts about Strontium
- Properties of Strontium
- Uses of Strontium
Strontium Element (Information Table)
The important data related to strontium element is given in the table below.
|Appearance of strontium||Silvery surface with yellow tint|
|Atomic number of strontium||38|
|Symbol of strontium||Sr|
|Atomic mass of strontium||87.62 u|
|Protons, Neutrons & Electrons in strontium||Protons: 38, Neutrons: 50, Electrons: 38|
|State of strontium (at STP)||Solid|
|Group number of strontium in periodic table||2|
|Period number of strontium in periodic table||5|
|Block of strontium in periodic table||s-block|
|Category of strontium||Alkaline earth metals|
|Bohr model or Electrons per shell or Electrons arrangement in strontium||2, 8, 18, 8, 2|
|Electron configuration of strontium||[Kr] 5s2|
|Orbital diagram of strontium|
|Valence electrons in strontium||2|
|Electronegativity of strontium (on pauling scale)||0.95|
|Atomic radius of strontium (van der Waals radius)||249 picometers|
|Density of strontium||2.63 g/cm3|
|1st ionization energy of strontium||5.695 eV|
|Main isotope of strontium||88Sr|
|Melting point of strontium||1050 K or 777 °C or 1431 °F|
|Boiling point of strontium||1650 K or 1377 °C or 2511 °F|
|Crystal structure of strontium||Face Centered Cubic (FCC)|
|Discovery of strontium||By William Cruickshank in 1787|
Also see: Interactive Periodic Table (It has rotating bohr models as well as many other details of all the 118 elements in a single periodic table).
Strontium element in Periodic table
The Strontium element (Sr) has the atomic number 38 and is located in group 2 and period 5. Strontium is in solid state at STP and it is classified as an alkaline earth metal on the periodic table.
Click on above elements in the periodic table to see their information.
Facts about strontium
Here are a few interesting facts about the strontium element.
- Strontium is the 15th most abundant element present in the earth’s crust.
- The concentration of strontium in the earth’s crust is around 360 ppm.
- Around 3 lakh tons of strontium is produced annually in the entire world.
- Strontium is a reactive metal and hence it is kept in the mineral oil or kerosene.
- Strontianite and Celestite are the two ores from which most of the strontium is obtained.
- The leading producers of strontium are China and Spain.
Properties of strontium
Here is a list of some physical properties and chemical properties of strontium.
Physical properties of strontium
- Strontium is a soft metal and it has a silvery surface with a yellowish tint.
- Strontium has an atomic mass 87.62 u and its density is 2.63 g/cm3.
- Strontium has stable isotopes as well as radioactive isotopes, and out of these isotopes, the most abundant isotope is 88Sr (which has an abundance of 82.5%).
- The melting point and boiling point of strontium is 1050 K and 1650 K respectively.
Chemical properties of strontium
- Strontium is reactive metal and hence it is always found as a compound with other elements in the earth’s crust.
- Strontium burns in the air with a bright red flame.
- Strontium reacts with water to form strontium hydroxide and liberates hydrogen gas.
Uses of strontium
Here are some uses of the strontium element.
- Strontium is used in flares as well as fireworks because it burns with a bright red flame.
- Strontium titanate is used in gemstones as it has a high refractive index.
- Strontium chloride hexahydrate is used in toothpaste for sensitive teeth.
- The radioactive isotope of strontium (89Sr) is used in treating bone cancer.
- Strontium aluminate is used in toys that glow in dark (because it has a property to glow in dark).
- Strontium – Wikipedia. (2022, December 7). Strontium – Wikipedia. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Strontium
- Periodic Table of Elements: Los Alamos National Laboratory. (n.d.). Periodic Table of Elements: Los Alamos National Laboratory. https://periodic.lanl.gov/38.shtml
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- Strontium Statistics and Information | U.S. Geological Survey. (n.d.). Strontium Statistics and Information | U.S. Geological Survey. https://www.usgs.gov/centers/national-minerals-information-center/strontium-statistics-and-information
- Strontium – Element information, properties and uses | Periodic Table. (n.d.). Strontium – Element Information, Properties and Uses | Periodic Table. https://www.rsc.org/periodic-table/element/38/strontium
- Prohaska, T., et al. (2022, May 1). Standard atomic weights of the elements 2021 (IUPAC Technical Report). Pure and Applied Chemistry, 94(5), 573–600. https://doi.org/10.1515/pac-2019-0603
- Haynes, W. M. (Ed.). (2014, June 4). CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics. https://doi.org/10.1201/b17118
- Kaye, G W.C., & Laby, T H. Tables of physical and chemical constants. 15th Edition. United States.
- It’s Elemental – The Element Strontium. (n.d.). It’s Elemental – the Element Strontium. https://education.jlab.org/itselemental/ele038.html
- P. (n.d.). Strontium | Sr (Element) – PubChem. Strontium | Sr (Element) – PubChem. https://pubchem.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/element/Strontium
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