Titanium (Ti) – Periodic Table [Element Information & More]

titanium element periodic table

Titanium element (Ti) is in group 4 and period 4 of a periodic table. Titanium is in the d-block and it is classified as a transition element on the periodic table.

There is a lot more information related to titanium which is mentioned in the Information Table given below.

So let’s dive right into it!

Table of contents

Titanium Element (Information Table)

The important data related to titanium element is given in the table below.

Appearance of titaniumSilvery white metallic appearance
Atomic number of titanium22
Symbol of titaniumTi
Atomic mass of titanium47.867 u
Protons, Neutrons & Electrons in titaniumProtons: 22, Neutrons: 26, Electrons: 22
State of titanium (at STP)Solid
Group number of titanium in periodic table4
Period number of titanium in periodic table4
Block of titanium in periodic tabled-block
Category of titaniumTransition metal
Bohr model or Electrons per shell or Electrons arrangement in titanium2, 8, 10, 2
Electron configuration of titanium[Ar] 3d2 4s2
Orbital diagram of titaniumorbital diagram of titanium
Electronegativity of titanium (on pauling scale)1.54
Atomic radius of titanium (van der Waals radius)187 picometers
Density of titanium4.507 g/cm3
1st ionization energy of titanium6.828 eV
Main isotope of titanium48Ti
Melting point of titanium1941 K or 1668 °C or 3034 °F
Boiling point of titanium3560 K or 3287 °C or 5949 °F
Crystal structure of titaniumHexagonal Close Packing (HCP)
Discovery of titaniumBy William Gregor in 1791

Also see: Interactive Periodic Table (It has rotating bohr models as well as many other details of all the 118 elements in a single periodic table).

Titanium element in Periodic table

The Titanium element (Ti) has the atomic number 22 and is located in group 4 and period 4. Titanium is a metal and it is classified as a transition element.

Click on above elements in the periodic table to see their information.

Facts about titanium

Here are a few interesting facts about the titanium element.

  1. The name “Titanium” came from the Greek word “Titan” (which is from Greek mythology).
  2. Titanium is present in large proportions in the igneous rocks on the earth.
  3. Titanium is the 9th most abundant element present in the earth’s crust.
  4. Titanium has similar strength like steel, but titanium is 45% lighter than steel.
  5. The strength of titanium is two times the strength of aluminum.
  6. The titanium element is also present in the human body.
  7. The leading countries which produce titanium are Russia and China.

Properties of titanium

Here is a list of some physical properties and chemical properties of titanium.

Physical properties of titanium

  • Titanium is a strong metal and has a silvery white appearance.
  • The melting point and boiling point of titanium are 1941 K and 3560 K respectively.
  • Titanium metal has a density of 4.507 g/cm3 (which is approximately 60% denser than aluminum).
  • There are many isotopes of titanium. But out of those isotopes, the most abundant isotope is 48Ti (which is around 74% abundant).
  • Titanium element has a HCP crystal structure.

Chemical properties of titanium

  • Titanium is a reactive transition metal and hence it is always found as a compound with other elements in the earth’s crust.
  • Titanium has an electronic configuration of [Ar] 4s2 3d2, which has incomplete d-orbitals.
  • Titanium can resist the corrosion that is caused by salt water.

Uses of titanium

Here are some uses of the titanium element.

  • The pure titanium metal is used in making titanium dioxide.
  • Titanium dioxide is used in making sunscreen, paints, cosmetics, etc.
  • Titanium has many applications in aerospace industries as well as automobile industries.
  • Titanium is also added to pure 24 karat gold to increase the strength of pure gold.
  • Titanium is also used in manufacturing of pipes, wires, rods, plates, etc.

External resources:

  1. P. (n.d.). Titanium | Ti (Element) – PubChem. Titanium | Ti (Element) – PubChem. https://pubchem.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/element/Titanium
  2. Titanium – Wikipedia. (2022, January 19). Titanium – Wikipedia. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Titanium
  3. Titanium – Element information, properties and uses | Periodic Table. (n.d.). Titanium – Element Information, Properties and Uses | Periodic Table. https://www.rsc.org/periodic-table/element/22/titanium
  4. Titanium. (n.d.). Titanium. https://webbook.nist.gov/cgi/inchi?ID=C7440326&Mask=20
  5. It’s Elemental – The Element Titanium. (n.d.). It’s Elemental – the Element Titanium. https://education.jlab.org/itselemental/ele022.html
  6. Atomic Weight of Titanium | Commission on Isotopic Abundances and Atomic Weights. (n.d.). Atomic Weight of Titanium | Commission on Isotopic Abundances and Atomic Weights. https://ciaaw.org/titanium.htm
  7. Titanium | Ti | ChemSpider. (n.d.). Titanium | Ti | ChemSpider. http://www.chemspider.com/Chemical-Structure.22402.html?rid=e08ad2d7-871a-4b62-a080-a283167493ac&page_num=0
  8. Titanium Statistics and Information | U.S. Geological Survey. (n.d.). Titanium Statistics and Information | U.S. Geological Survey. https://www.usgs.gov/centers/national-minerals-information-center/titanium-statistics-and-information
  9. C&EN: IT’S ELEMENTAL: THE PERIODIC TABLE – TITANIUM. (n.d.). C&EN: IT’S ELEMENTAL: THE PERIODIC TABLE – TITANIUM. https://pubsapp.acs.org/cen/80th/titanium.html?
  10. Bondi, A. (1964, March). van der Waals Volumes and Radii. The Journal of Physical Chemistry, 68(3), 441–451. https://doi.org/10.1021/j100785a001
  11. Holden, et al. (2018, December 1). IUPAC Periodic Table of the Elements and Isotopes (IPTEI) for the Education Community (IUPAC Technical Report). Pure and Applied Chemistry, 90(12), 1833–2092. https://doi.org/10.1515/pac-2015-0703
  12. Emsley, J. (2011). Nature’s Building Blocks: An A-Z Guide to the Elements. United Kingdom: OUP Oxford.
  13. Allred, A. (1961, June). Electronegativity values from thermochemical data. Journal of Inorganic and Nuclear Chemistry, 17(3–4), 215–221. https://doi.org/10.1016/0022-1902(61)80142-5
  14. James A. M. & Lord M. P. (1992). Macmillan’s chemical and physical data. Macmillan.
  15. Zhang, Y., Evans, J. R. G., & Yang, S. (2011, January 11). Corrected Values for Boiling Points and Enthalpies of Vaporization of Elements in Handbooks. Journal of Chemical & Engineering Data, 56(2), 328–337. https://doi.org/10.1021/je1011086
  16. Possolo, A., van der Veen, A. M. H., Meija, J., & Hibbert, D. B. (2018, January 4). Interpreting and propagating the uncertainty of the standard atomic weights (IUPAC Technical Report). Pure and Applied Chemistry, 90(2), 395–424. https://doi.org/10.1515/pac-2016-0402
  17. Haynes, W. M. (Ed.). (2014, June 4). CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics. https://doi.org/10.1201/b17118
  18. Kaye, G W.C., & Laby, T H. Tables of physical and chemical constants. 15th Edition. United States.
  19. Sansonetti, J. E., & Martin, W. C. (2005, December). Handbook of Basic Atomic Spectroscopic Data. Journal of Physical and Chemical Reference Data, 34(4), 1559–2259. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.1800011


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