Titanium element (Ti) is in group 4 and period 4 of a periodic table. Titanium is in the d-block and it is classified as a transition element on the periodic table.
There is a lot more information related to titanium which is mentioned in the Information Table given below.
So let’s dive right into it!
Table of contents
- Titanium element (Information Table)
- Titanium element in Periodic table
- Facts about Titanium
- Properties of Titanium
- Uses of Titanium
Titanium Element (Information Table)
The important data related to titanium element is given in the table below.
|Appearance of titanium||Silvery white metallic appearance|
|Atomic number of titanium||22|
|Symbol of titanium||Ti|
|Atomic mass of titanium||47.867 u|
|Protons, Neutrons & Electrons in titanium||Protons: 22, Neutrons: 26, Electrons: 22|
|State of titanium (at STP)||Solid|
|Group number of titanium in periodic table||4|
|Period number of titanium in periodic table||4|
|Block of titanium in periodic table||d-block|
|Category of titanium||Transition metal|
|Bohr model or Electrons per shell or Electrons arrangement in titanium||2, 8, 10, 2|
|Electron configuration of titanium||[Ar] 3d2 4s2|
|Orbital diagram of titanium|
|Electronegativity of titanium (on pauling scale)||1.54|
|Atomic radius of titanium (van der Waals radius)||187 picometers|
|Density of titanium||4.507 g/cm3|
|1st ionization energy of titanium||6.828 eV|
|Main isotope of titanium||48Ti|
|Melting point of titanium||1941 K or 1668 °C or 3034 °F|
|Boiling point of titanium||3560 K or 3287 °C or 5949 °F|
|Crystal structure of titanium||Hexagonal Close Packing (HCP)|
|Discovery of titanium||By William Gregor in 1791|
Also see: Interactive Periodic Table (It has rotating bohr models as well as many other details of all the 118 elements in a single periodic table).
Titanium element in Periodic table
The Titanium element (Ti) has the atomic number 22 and is located in group 4 and period 4. Titanium is a metal and it is classified as a transition element.
Click on above elements in the periodic table to see their information.
Facts about titanium
Here are a few interesting facts about the titanium element.
- The name “Titanium” came from the Greek word “Titan” (which is from Greek mythology).
- Titanium is present in large proportions in the igneous rocks on the earth.
- Titanium is the 9th most abundant element present in the earth’s crust.
- Titanium has similar strength like steel, but titanium is 45% lighter than steel.
- The strength of titanium is two times the strength of aluminum.
- The titanium element is also present in the human body.
- The leading countries which produce titanium are Russia and China.
Properties of titanium
Here is a list of some physical properties and chemical properties of titanium.
Physical properties of titanium
- Titanium is a strong metal and has a silvery white appearance.
- The melting point and boiling point of titanium are 1941 K and 3560 K respectively.
- Titanium metal has a density of 4.507 g/cm3 (which is approximately 60% denser than aluminum).
- There are many isotopes of titanium. But out of those isotopes, the most abundant isotope is 48Ti (which is around 74% abundant).
- Titanium element has a HCP crystal structure.
Chemical properties of titanium
- Titanium is a reactive transition metal and hence it is always found as a compound with other elements in the earth’s crust.
- Titanium has an electronic configuration of [Ar] 4s2 3d2, which has incomplete d-orbitals.
- Titanium can resist the corrosion that is caused by salt water.
Uses of titanium
Here are some uses of the titanium element.
- The pure titanium metal is used in making titanium dioxide.
- Titanium dioxide is used in making sunscreen, paints, cosmetics, etc.
- Titanium has many applications in aerospace industries as well as automobile industries.
- Titanium is also added to pure 24 karat gold to increase the strength of pure gold.
- Titanium is also used in manufacturing of pipes, wires, rods, plates, etc.
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