Cesium element (Cs) is in group 1 and period 6 of a periodic table. Cesium is in the s-block and it is classified as an alkali metal on the periodic table.
There is a lot more information related to cesium which is mentioned in the Information Table given below.
So let’s dive right into it!
Table of contents
- Cesium element (Information Table)
- Cesium element in Periodic table
- Facts about Cesium
- Properties of Cesium
- Uses of Cesium
Cesium Element (Information Table)
The important data related to cesium element is given in the table below.
|Appearance of cesium||Silvery pale golden appearance|
|Atomic number of cesium||55|
|Symbol of cesium||Cs|
|Atomic mass of cesium||132.91 u|
|Protons, Neutrons & Electrons in cesium||Protons: 55, Neutrons: 78, Electrons: 55|
|State of cesium (at STP)||Solid|
|Group number of cesium in periodic table||1|
|Period number of cesium in periodic table||6|
|Block of cesium in periodic table||s-block|
|Category of cesium||Alkali metal|
|Bohr model or Electrons per shell or Electrons arrangement in cesium||2, 8, 18, 18, 8, 1|
|Electron configuration of cesium||[Xe] 6s1|
|Orbital diagram of cesium|
|Valence electron in cesium||1|
|Electronegativity of cesium (on pauling scale)||0.79|
|Atomic radius of cesium (van der Waals radius)||343 picometers|
|Density of cesium||1.88 g/cm3|
|1st ionization energy of cesium||3.894 eV|
|Main isotope of cesium||133Cs|
|Melting point of cesium||301.7 K or 28.5 °C or 83.3 °F|
|Boiling point of cesium||944 K or 671 °C or 1240 °F|
|Crystal structure of cesium||Body Centered Cubic (BCC)|
|Discovery of cesium||By Gustav Kirchhoff and Robert Bunsen (in 1860)|
Also see: Interactive Periodic Table (It has rotating bohr models as well as many other details of all the 118 elements in a single periodic table).
Cesium element in Periodic table
The Cesium element (Cs) has the atomic number 55 and is located in group 1 and period 6. Cesium is in solid state at STP and it is classified as an alkali metal on the periodic table.
Click on above elements in the periodic table to see their information.
Facts about cesium
Here are a few interesting facts about cesium.
- Cesium was given its name from the Latin word “caesius”, meaning sky blue.
- Cesium is the 50th most abundant element present in the earth’s crust.
- The concentration of cesium in the earth’s crust is around 3 ppm by weight.
- Bernic lake (in Canada) has the largest deposits of Pollucite (which is an ore of cesium).
- The density of cesium metal is twice the density of water.
Properties of cesium
Here is a list of some physical properties and chemical properties of cesium.
Physical properties of cesium
- Cesium has a silvery pale golden appearance.
- Cesium is ductile and it can be drawn into thin wires.
- Cesium is a very soft metal (just like a wax). Cesium can be cut with a kitchen knife.
- The melting point and boiling point of cesium are 28.5 °C and 671 °C respectively.
- There are many isotopes of cesium and the most abundant isotope is 133Cs.
- Cesium has FCC crystal structure.
Chemical properties of cesium
- Cesium is a very reactive alkali metal and because of this it is always found in compounds with other elements.
- Cesium has 1 valence electron and this electron is lost during a chemical reaction to gain stability.
- Cesium is highly reactive and it is always kept in kerosene or mineral oil to prevent its reaction with air.
- Cesium reacts violently with water and forms cesium hydroxide.
Uses of cesium
Here are some uses of the cesium element.
- Cesium is used in the hydrogenation of organic compounds.
- Cesium is also used in vacuum tubes to remove oxygen gas.
- Some compounds of cesium are also used in the manufacturing of optical glasses.
- Cesium is used in photomultiplier tubes as well as photoelectric cells.
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