Xenon element (Xe) is in group 18 and period 5 of a periodic table. Xenon is in the p-block and it is classified as a noble gas element on the periodic table.
There is a lot more information related to xenon which is mentioned in the Information Table given below.
So let’s dive right into it!
Table of contents
- Xenon element (Information Table)
- Xenon element in Periodic table
- Facts about Xenon
- Properties of Xenon
- Uses of Xenon
Xenon Element (Information Table)
The important data related to xenon element is given in the table below.
|Appearance of xenon||Colorless gas|
|Atomic number of xenon||54|
|Symbol of xenon||Xe|
|Atomic mass of xenon||131.29 u|
|Protons, Neutrons & Electrons in xenon||Protons: 54, Neutrons: 77, Electrons: 54|
|State of xenon (at STP)||Gas|
|Group number of xenon in periodic table||18|
|Period number of xenon in periodic table||5|
|Block of xenon in periodic table||p-block|
|Category of xenon||Noble gas|
|Bohr model or Electrons per shell or Electrons arrangement in xenon||2, 8, 18, 18, 8|
|Electron configuration of xenon||[Kr] 4d10 5s2 5p6|
|Orbital diagram of xenon|
|Valence electrons in xenon||8|
|Atomic radius of xenon (van der Waals radius)||216 picometers|
|Density of xenon||5.9 g/L|
|1st ionization energy of xenon||12.130 eV|
|Main isotope of xenon||129Xe (26.4%) and 132Xe (26.9%)|
|Melting point of xenon||161.4 K or -111.7 °C or -169.1 °F|
|Boiling point of xenon||165 K or -108 °C or -162.5 °F|
|Crystal structure of xenon||Face Centered Cubic (FCC)|
|Discovery of xenon||By William Ramsey and Morris Travers (in 1898)|
Also see: Interactive Periodic Table (It has rotating bohr models as well as many other details of all the 118 elements in a single periodic table).
Xenon element in Periodic table
The Xenon element (Xe) has the atomic number 54 and is located in group 18 and period 5. Xenon is a nonmetal and it is classified as a noble gas element.
Click on above elements in the periodic table to see their information.
Facts about xenon
Here are a few interesting facts about xenon element.
- Xenon was given its name from the Greek word “xenos” which means stranger.
- Xenon gas is 4 times heavier than air.
- Xenon is very rarely available and so it is a very expensive noble gas.
- The concentration of xenon in the earth’s atmosphere is only 1 part per 20 million.
- Mars’s atmosphere also contains xenon in the concentration of 0.08 ppm.
Properties of xenon
Here is a list of some physical properties and chemical properties of xenon.
Physical properties of xenon
- Xenon is a colorless, odorless and tasteless gas.
- The solidified xenon gas appears light blue in color.
- Xenon has FCC crystal structure.
- Xenon glows with blue (or lavender) light when it is subjected to electrical discharge.
- The melting point and boiling point of xenon is -111.7 °C and -108 °C respectively.
Chemical properties of xenon
- Xenon has 8 valence electrons and this indicates that it has a stable octet.
- The electron configuration of xenon is [Kr] 4d10 5s2 5p6 and the electron shell arrangement is 2, 8, 18, 18, 8.
- Xenon is chemically inert but it shows a chemical reaction with some highly reactive elements like fluorine.
Uses of xenon
Here are some uses of the xenon element.
- Xenon is used in flash lamps as well as stroboscopic lamps because it gives a blue or lavender light on electrical discharge.
- Xenon is also used as an anesthetic gas in medical applications.
- Xenon gas is also used in TV tubes.
- Xenon is also used in headlights of vehicles (which gives a bluish glow).
- Possolo, et al. (2018, January 4). Interpreting and propagating the uncertainty of the standard atomic weights (IUPAC Technical Report). Pure and Applied Chemistry, 90(2), 395–424. https://doi.org/10.1515/pac-2016-0402
- Emsley, J. (2011). Nature’s Building Blocks: An A-Z Guide to the Elements. United Kingdom: OUP Oxford.
- Haynes, W. M. (Ed.). (2014, June 4). CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics. https://doi.org/10.1201/b17118
- Electronic structure of the elements. (2000, March). The European Physical Journal C, 15(1–4), 78–79. https://doi.org/10.1007/bf02683401
- James A. M. & Lord M. P. (1992). Macmillan’s chemical and physical data. Macmillan.
- Xenon – Element information, properties and uses | Periodic Table. (n.d.). Xenon – Element Information, Properties and Uses | Periodic Table. https://www.rsc.org/periodic-table/element/54/xenon
- Xenon – Wikipedia. (2010, May 6). Xenon – Wikipedia. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Xenon
- P. (n.d.). Xenon | Xe (Element) – PubChem. Xenon | Xe (Element) – PubChem. https://pubchem.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/element/Xenon
- It’s Elemental – The Element Xenon. (n.d.). It’s Elemental – the Element Xenon. https://education.jlab.org/itselemental/ele054.html
- Periodic Table of Elements: Los Alamos National Laboratory. (n.d.). Periodic Table of Elements: Los Alamos National Laboratory. https://periodic.lanl.gov/54.shtml
- Atomic Data for Xenon (Xe). (n.d.). Atomic Data for Xenon (Xe). https://physics.nist.gov/PhysRefData/Handbook/Tables/xenontable1.htm
- Bedford, et al. (1996, April 1). Recommended values of temperature on the International Temperature Scale of 1990 for a selected set of secondary reference points. Metrologia, 33(2), 133–154. https://doi.org/10.1088/0026-1394/33/2/3
- Allred, A. (1961, June). Electronegativity values from thermochemical data. Journal of Inorganic and Nuclear Chemistry, 17(3–4), 215–221. https://doi.org/10.1016/0022-1902(61)80142-5
Jay is an educator and has helped more than 100,000 students in their studies by providing simple and easy explanations on different science-related topics. With a desire to make learning accessible for everyone, he founded Knords Learning, an online chemistry learning platform that provides students with easily understandable explanations.
Read more about our Editorial process.