Rutherfordium element (Rf) is in group 4 and period 7 of a periodic table. Rutherfordium is in the d-block and it is classified as a transition element on the periodic table.
There is a lot more information related to rutherfordium which is mentioned in the Information Table given below.
So let’s dive right into it!
Table of contents
- Rutherfordium element (Information Table)
- Rutherfordium element in Periodic table
- Facts about Rutherfordium
- Properties of Rutherfordium
- Uses of Rutherfordium
Rutherfordium Element (Information Table)
The important data related to rutherfordium element is given in the table below.
|Atomic number of rutherfordium||104|
|Symbol of rutherfordium||Rf|
|Atomic mass of rutherfordium (most stable isotope)||267 u|
|Protons, Neutrons & Electrons in rutherfordium||Protons: 104, Neutrons: 157, Electrons: 104|
|State of rutherfordium (at STP)||Solid (predicted)|
|Group number of rutherfordium in periodic table||4|
|Period number of rutherfordium in periodic table||7|
|Block of rutherfordium in periodic table||d-block|
|Category of rutherfordium||Transition metal|
|Bohr model or Electrons per shell or Electrons arrangement in rutherfordium||2, 8, 18, 32, 32, 10, 2|
|Electron configuration of rutherfordium||[Rn] 5f14 6d2 7s2|
|Orbital diagram of rutherfordium|
|Density of rutherfordium (predicted)||17 g/cm3|
|Melting point of rutherfordium (predicted)||2100 °C|
|Boiling point of rutherfordium (predicted)||5500 °C|
|Crystal structure of rutherfordium||Hexagonal Close Packing (HCP)|
Also see: Interactive Periodic Table (It has rotating bohr models as well as many other details of all the 118 elements in a single periodic table).
Rutherfordium element in Periodic table
The Rutherfordium element (Rf) has the atomic number 104 and is located in group 4 and period 7. Rutherfordium is a metal and it is classified as a transition element.
Click on above elements in the periodic table to see their information.
Facts about rutherfordium
Here are a few interesting facts about the rutherfordium element.
- Rutherfordium was given its name to honor the chemist Ernst Rutherford.
- Rutherfordium is not available naturally and it is prepared artificially in the lab.
- Rutherfordium has around 16 isotopes and all these isotopes are unstable.
- 267Rf is the longest lived isotope and it has a half life of only 1.3 hours.
Properties of rutherfordium
Here is a list of some physical properties and chemical properties of rutherfordium.
- Rutherfordium is predicted to have a solid state at STP.
- Rutherfordium has HCP crystal structure (predicted).
- Rutherfordium has a common oxidation state as +3 and +2.
- The predicted density of rutherfordium is 17 g/cm3 and its most stable isotope has an atomic mass of 267 amu.
Uses of rutherfordium
Rutherfordium has no commercial use and it has a very short half life. So it is mostly used for research in chemistry.
- Rutherfordium – Element information, properties and uses | Periodic Table. (n.d.). Rutherfordium – Element Information, Properties and Uses | Periodic Table. https://www.rsc.org/periodic-table/element/104/rutherfordium
- Rutherfordium – Wikipedia. (2019, September 21). Rutherfordium – Wikipedia. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rutherfordium
- P. (n.d.). Rutherfordium | Rf (Element) – PubChem. Rutherfordium | Rf (Element) – PubChem. https://pubchem.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/element/Rutherfordium
- It’s Elemental – The Element Rutherfordium. (n.d.). It’s Elemental – the Element Rutherfordium. https://education.jlab.org/itselemental/ele104.html
- Rutherfordium | CCDC. (n.d.). Rutherfordium | CCDC. https://www.ccdc.cam.ac.uk/elements/rutherfordium/
- Kacher, C. D. (1995, October 30). Chemical and nuclear properties of Rutherfordium (Element 104). https://doi.org/10.2172/193914
- C&EN: IT’S ELEMENTAL: THE PERIODIC TABLE – RUTHERFORDIUM. (n.d.). C&EN: IT’S ELEMENTAL: THE PERIODIC TABLE – RUTHERFORDIUM. https://pubsapp.acs.org/cen/80th/rutherfordium.html?
- Emsley, J. (2011). Nature’s Building Blocks: An A-Z Guide to the Elements. United Kingdom: OUP Oxford.
- Haynes, W. M. (Ed.). (2014, June 4). CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics. https://doi.org/10.1201/b17118
- Electronic structure of the elements. (2000, March). The European Physical Journal C, 15(1–4), 78–79. https://doi.org/10.1007/bf02683401
- James A. M. & Lord M. P. (1992). Macmillan’s chemical and physical data. Macmillan.
- Bedford, et al. (1996, April 1). Recommended values of temperature on the International Temperature Scale of 1990 for a selected set of secondary reference points. Metrologia, 33(2), 133–154. https://doi.org/10.1088/0026-1394/33/2/3
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