Rutherfordium – Periodic Table [Element Information & More]

rutherfordium element periodic table

Rutherfordium element (Rf) is in group 4 and period 7 of a periodic table. Rutherfordium is in the d-block and it is classified as a transition element on the periodic table.

There is a lot more information related to rutherfordium which is mentioned in the Information Table given below.

So let’s dive right into it!

Table of contents

Rutherfordium Element (Information Table)

The important data related to rutherfordium element is given in the table below.

Atomic number of rutherfordium104
Symbol of rutherfordiumRf
Atomic mass of rutherfordium (most stable isotope)267 u
Protons, Neutrons & Electrons in rutherfordiumProtons: 104, Neutrons: 157, Electrons: 104
State of rutherfordium (at STP)Solid (predicted)
Group number of rutherfordium in periodic table4
Period number of rutherfordium in periodic table7
Block of rutherfordium in periodic tabled-block
Category of rutherfordiumTransition metal
Bohr model or Electrons per shell or Electrons arrangement in rutherfordium2, 8, 18, 32, 32, 10, 2
Electron configuration of rutherfordium[Rn] 5f14 6d2 7s2
Orbital diagram of rutherfordiumorbital diagram of rutherfordium
Density of rutherfordium (predicted)17 g/cm3
Melting point of rutherfordium (predicted)2100 °C
Boiling point of rutherfordium (predicted)5500 °C
Crystal structure of rutherfordiumHexagonal Close Packing (HCP)

Also see: Interactive Periodic Table (It has rotating bohr models as well as many other details of all the 118 elements in a single periodic table).

Rutherfordium element in Periodic table

The Rutherfordium element (Rf) has the atomic number 104 and is located in group 4 and period 7. Rutherfordium is a metal and it is classified as a transition element.

Click on above elements in the periodic table to see their information.

Facts about rutherfordium

Here are a few interesting facts about the rutherfordium element.

  1. Rutherfordium was given its name to honor the chemist Ernst Rutherford.
  2. Rutherfordium is not available naturally and it is prepared artificially in the lab.
  3. Rutherfordium has around 16 isotopes and all these isotopes are unstable.
  4. 267Rf is the longest lived isotope and it has a half life of only 1.3 hours.

Properties of rutherfordium

Here is a list of some physical properties and chemical properties of rutherfordium.

  • Rutherfordium is predicted to have a solid state at STP.
  • Rutherfordium has HCP crystal structure (predicted).
  • Rutherfordium has a common oxidation state as +3 and +2.
  • The predicted density of rutherfordium is 17 g/cm3 and its most stable isotope has an atomic mass of 267 amu.

Uses of rutherfordium

Rutherfordium has no commercial use and it has a very short half life. So it is mostly used for research in chemistry.

External resources:

  1. Rutherfordium – Element information, properties and uses | Periodic Table. (n.d.). Rutherfordium – Element Information, Properties and Uses | Periodic Table.
  2. Rutherfordium – Wikipedia. (2019, September 21). Rutherfordium – Wikipedia.
  3. P. (n.d.). Rutherfordium | Rf (Element) – PubChem. Rutherfordium | Rf (Element) – PubChem.
  4. It’s Elemental – The Element Rutherfordium. (n.d.). It’s Elemental – the Element Rutherfordium.
  5. Rutherfordium | CCDC. (n.d.). Rutherfordium | CCDC.
  6. Kacher, C. D. (1995, October 30). Chemical and nuclear properties of Rutherfordium (Element 104).
  8. Emsley, J. (2011). Nature’s Building Blocks: An A-Z Guide to the Elements. United Kingdom: OUP Oxford.
  9. Haynes, W. M. (Ed.). (2014, June 4). CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics.
  10. Electronic structure of the elements. (2000, March). The European Physical Journal C, 15(1–4), 78–79.
  11. James A. M. & Lord M. P. (1992). Macmillan’s chemical and physical data. Macmillan.
  12. Bedford, et al. (1996, April 1). Recommended values of temperature on the International Temperature Scale of 1990 for a selected set of secondary reference points. Metrologia, 33(2), 133–154.

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