Antimony element (Sb) is in group 15 and period 5 of a periodic table. Antimony is in the p-block and it is classified as a metalloid on the periodic table.
There is a lot more information related to antimony which is mentioned in the Information Table given below.
So let’s dive right into it!
Table of contents
- Antimony element (Information Table)
- Antimony element in Periodic table
- Facts about Antimony
- Properties of Antimony
- Uses of Antimony
Antimony Element (Information Table)
The important data related to antimony element is given in the table below.
|Appearance of antimony||Silvery gray metallic appearance|
|Atomic number of antimony||51|
|Symbol of antimony||Sb|
|Atomic mass of antimony||121.76 u|
|Protons, Neutrons & Electrons in antimony||Protons: 51, Neutrons: 71, Electrons: 51|
|State of antimony (at STP)||Solid|
|Group number of antimony in periodic table||15|
|Period number of antimony in periodic table||5|
|Block of antimony in periodic table||p-block|
|Category of antimony||Metalloids|
|Bohr model or Electrons per shell or Electrons arrangement in antimony||2, 8, 18, 18, 5|
|Electron configuration of antimony||[Kr] 4d10 5s2 5p3|
|Orbital diagram of antimony|
|Valence electrons in antimony||5|
|Electronegativity of antimony (on pauling scale)||2.05|
|Atomic radius of antimony (van der Waals radius)||206 picometers|
|Density of antimony||6.7 g/cm3|
|1st ionization energy of antimony||8.64 eV|
|Main isotope of antimony||121Sb|
|Melting point of antimony||903.7 K or 630.6 °C or 1167.1 °F|
|Boiling point of antimony||1908 K or 1635 °C or 2975 °F|
|Crystal structure of antimony||Rhombohedral|
Also see: Interactive Periodic Table (It has rotating bohr models as well as many other details of all the 118 elements in a single periodic table).
Antimony element in Periodic table
The Antimony element (Sb) has the atomic number 51 and is located in group 15 and period 5. Antimony is a metalloid and it is classified as a pnictogen element.
Click on above elements in the periodic table to see their information.
Facts about antimony
Here are a few interesting facts about antimony element.
- Antimony was given its name from the two Greek words “anti” and “monos” (which means a metal that is not found alone).
- Around 80% of the world’s antimony production comes from China.
- Earth’s crust contains around 0.2 to 0.5 ppm of antimony.
- Stibnite is a mineral of antimony from which most of the antimony is found.
Properties of antimony
Here is a list of some physical properties and chemical properties of antimony.
Physical properties of antimony
- Antimony is a solid metal having a silver gray appearance.
- Antimony can not be malleable as it is hard and brittle.
- Antimony is a poor conductor of heat as well as electricity.
- The melting point and boiling point of antimony is 903.7 K and 1908 K respectively.
- The density of antimony is 6.7 g/cm3 and its atomic mass is 121.76 u.
- There are many isotopes of antimony, but the most abundant isotope is 121Sb.
- The antimony has a rhombohedral crystal structure.
Chemical properties of antimony
- Antimony does not react with air when it is kept open in the air. But the black allotrope of antimony gets corroded in the air.
- Antimony can be dissolved in oxidizing acids like H2SO4 or HNO3.
- When antimony is heated in air, it forms antimony trioxide.
Uses of antimony
Here are some uses of the antimony element.
- The alloy of antimony and lead is used in manufacturing of battery components, cable sheathing, etc.
- Glass, paints, ceramics also uses some compounds of antimony in it.
- Antimony is used in some semiconductor devices like infrared detectors, diodes, etc.
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- Atomic Weight of Antimony | Commission on Isotopic Abundances and Atomic Weights. (n.d.). Atomic Weight of Antimony | Commission on Isotopic Abundances and Atomic Weights. https://ciaaw.org/antimony.htm
- Atomic Data for Antimony (Sb). (n.d.). Atomic Data for Antimony (Sb). https://physics.nist.gov/PhysRefData/Handbook/Tables/antimonytable1.htm
- Prohaska, T., et al. (2022, May 1). Standard atomic weights of the elements 2021 (IUPAC Technical Report). Pure and Applied Chemistry, 94(5), 573–600. https://doi.org/10.1515/pac-2019-0603
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- Antimony Statistics and Information | U.S. Geological Survey. (n.d.). Antimony Statistics and Information | U.S. Geological Survey. https://www.usgs.gov/centers/national-minerals-information-center/antimony-statistics-and-information
- Antimony – Wikipedia. (2009, October 16). Antimony – Wikipedia. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Antimony
- Antimony – Element information, properties and uses | Periodic Table. (n.d.). Antimony – Element Information, Properties and Uses | Periodic Table. https://www.rsc.org/periodic-table/element/51/antimony
- It’s Elemental – The Element Antimony. (n.d.). It’s Elemental – the Element Antimony. https://education.jlab.org/itselemental/ele051.html
- P. (n.d.). Antimony | Sb (Element) – PubChem. Antimony | Sb (Element) – PubChem. https://pubchem.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/element/Antimony
- C&EN: IT’S ELEMENTAL: THE PERIODIC TABLE – ANTIMONY. (n.d.). C&EN: IT’S ELEMENTAL: THE PERIODIC TABLE – ANTIMONY. https://pubsapp.acs.org/cen/80th/antimony.html?
- Bondi, A. (1964, March). van der Waals Volumes and Radii. The Journal of Physical Chemistry, 68(3), 441–451. https://doi.org/10.1021/j100785a001
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- Zhang, et al. (2011, January 11). Corrected Values for Boiling Points and Enthalpies of Vaporization of Elements in Handbooks. Journal of Chemical & Engineering Data, 56(2), 328–337. https://doi.org/10.1021/je1011086
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