Europium element (Eu) is in period 6 of a periodic table. Europium is in the f-block and it is classified as a lanthanide on the periodic table.
There is a lot more information related to europium which is mentioned in the Information Table given below.
So let’s dive right into it!
Table of contents
- Europium element (Information Table)
- Europium element in Periodic table
- Facts about Europium
- Properties of Europium
- Uses of Europium
Europium Element (Information Table)
The important data related to europium element is given in the table below.
|Appearance of europium||Silvery white metallic appearance with pale yellow tint|
|Atomic number of europium||63|
|Symbol of europium||Eu|
|Atomic mass of europium||151.96 u|
|Protons, Neutrons & Electrons in europium||Protons: 63, Neutrons: 89, Electrons: 63|
|State of europium (at STP)||Solid|
|Period number of europium in periodic table||6|
|Block of europium in periodic table||f-block|
|Category of europium||Inner transition metals|
|Bohr model or Electrons per shell or Electrons arrangement in europium||2, 8, 18, 25, 8, 2|
|Electron configuration of europium||[Xe] 4f7 6s2|
|Orbital diagram of europium|
|Atomic radius of europium (van der Waals radius)||233 picometers|
|Density of europium||5.25 g/cm3|
|1st ionization energy of europium||5.670 eV|
|Main isotope of europium||153Eu|
|Melting point of europium||1099 K or 826 °C or 1519 °F|
|Boiling point of europium||1802 K or 1529 °C or 2784 °F|
|Crystal structure of europium||Body Centered Cubic (BCC)|
|Discovery of europium||By Eugene-Anatole Demarcay in 1896|
Also see: Interactive Periodic Table (It has rotating bohr models as well as many other details of all the 118 elements in a single periodic table).
Europium element in Periodic table
The Europium element (Eu) has the atomic number 63 and is located in period 6. Europium is a metal and it is classified as a lanthanide group element.
Click on above elements in the periodic table to see their information.
Facts about europium
Here are a few interesting facts about the europium element.
- Eugene-Anatole Demarcay discovered europium in the year 1896.
- Europium was given its name from the name of the continent “Europe”.
- The concentration of europium in the earth’s crust is around 1.8 ppm by weight.
- Most of the europium is obtained from the ores Bastnasite and monazite.
Properties of europium
Here is a list of some physical properties and chemical properties of europium.
Physical properties of europium
- Europium is a metal having a silvery white appearance with a pale yellow tint.
- The density of europium is 5.25 g/cm3 and its atomic mass is 151.96 amu.
- The melting point and boiling point of europium is 1099 K and 1802 K respectively.
- There are many isotopes of europium, and out of those isotopes the most abundant isotope is 153Eu.
- The crystal structure of europium is BCC.
Chemical properties of europium
- Europium is a reactive metal and it is always present in the compound form in the earth’s crust.
- Europium reacts vigorously with water and forms europium oxide. During this reaction, the hydrogen gas is liberated.
- Europium reacts with the atmospheric oxygen and gets oxidized.
- Europium metal will start to ignite when heated above 150 °C temperature.
Uses of europium
Here are some uses of the europium element.
- Europium oxide is used in TV screens as well as computer screens.
- Some isotopes of europium are used as neutron absorbers in nuclear power plants.
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- Periodic Table of Elements: Los Alamos National Laboratory. (n.d.). Periodic Table of Elements: Los Alamos National Laboratory. https://periodic.lanl.gov/63.shtml
- Atomic Weight of Europium | Commission on Isotopic Abundances and Atomic Weights. (n.d.). Atomic Weight of Europium | Commission on Isotopic Abundances and Atomic Weights. https://ciaaw.org/europium.htm
- Europium | Eu | ChemSpider. (n.d.). Europium | Eu | ChemSpider. http://www.chemspider.com/Chemical-Structure.22417.html?rid=29b8b127-48f9-4e02-bacf-4d3870753a6f
- C&EN: IT’S ELEMENTAL: THE PERIODIC TABLE – THE LANTHANIDES. (n.d.). C&EN: IT’S ELEMENTAL: THE PERIODIC TABLE – THE LANTHANIDES. https://pubsapp.acs.org/cen/80th/lanthanides.html?
- Bondi, A. (1964, March). van der Waals Volumes and Radii. The Journal of Physical Chemistry, 68(3), 441–451. https://doi.org/10.1021/j100785a001
- Holden, et al. (2018, December 1). IUPAC Periodic Table of the Elements and Isotopes (IPTEI) for the Education Community (IUPAC Technical Report). Pure and Applied Chemistry, 90(12), 1833–2092. https://doi.org/10.1515/pac-2015-0703
- Zhang, et al. (2011, January 11). Corrected Values for Boiling Points and Enthalpies of Vaporization of Elements in Handbooks. Journal of Chemical & Engineering Data, 56(2), 328–337. https://doi.org/10.1021/je1011086
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