Vanadium (V) – Periodic Table [Element Information & More]

vanadium element periodic table

Vanadium element (V) is in group 5 and period 4 of a periodic table. Vanadium is in the d-block and it is classified as a transition element on the periodic table.

There is a lot more information related to vanadium which is mentioned in the Information Table given below.

So let’s dive right into it!

Table of contents

Vanadium Element (Information Table)

The important data related to vanadium element is given in the table below.

Appearance of vanadiumShiny bluish gray
Atomic number of vanadium23
Symbol of vanadiumV
Atomic mass of vanadium50.942 u
Protons, Neutrons & Electrons in vanadiumProtons: 23, Neutrons: 28, Electrons: 23
State of vanadium (at STP)Solid 
Group number of vanadium in periodic table5
Period number of vanadium in periodic table4
Block of vanadium in periodic tabled-block
Category of vanadiumTransition metals
Bohr model or Electrons per shell or Electrons arrangement in vanadium2, 8, 11, 2
Electron configuration of vanadium[Ar] 3d3 4s2
Orbital diagram of vanadiumorbital diagram of vanadium
Electronegativity of vanadium (on pauling scale)1.63
Atomic radius of vanadium (van der Waals radius)179 picometers
Density of vanadium6.11 g/cm3
1st ionization energy of vanadium6.746 eV
Main isotope of vanadium51V
Melting point of vanadium2183 K or 1910 °C or 3470 °F
Boiling point of vanadium3680 K or 3407 °C or 6165 °F
Crystal structure of vanadiumBody Centered Cubic (BCC)
Discovery of vanadiumBy Andres Manuel del Rio in 1801

Also see: Interactive Periodic Table (It has rotating bohr models as well as many other details of all the 118 elements in a single periodic table).

Vanadium element in Periodic table

The Vanadium element (V) has the atomic number 23 and is located in group 5 and period 4. Vanadium is a metal and it is classified as a transition element.

Click on above elements in the periodic table to see their information.

Facts about vanadium

Here are a few interesting facts about vanadium element.

  1. The name “Vanadium” came from the name of Scandinavian goddess of beauty “Vanadis”.
  2. Vanadium was discovered in 1801 by Spanish scientist Andres Manuel del Rio.
  3. Most of the vanadium (around 80%) is used in the production of steel.
  4. Vanadinite (a mineral of vanadium), appears red in color.
  5. The proportion of vanadium in the earth’s crust is approximately 150 ppm.
  6. Around 98% of vanadium ores are present in South Africa, China and Russia.
  7. China is the largest producer of vanadium in the entire world.

Properties of vanadium

Here is a list of some physical properties and chemical properties of vanadium.

Physical properties of vanadium

  • Vanadium is moderately hard and ductile metal.
  • Vanadium has a shiny bluish gray appearance.
  • The naturally occurring vanadium has the stable isotope 51V.

Chemical properties of vanadium

  • Vanadium is chemically less reactive to alkalis and acids.
  • A very thin oxide layer is formed on the surface of vanadium metal when kept open in air. For further oxidation, it requires a temperature of 660 °C.
  • The electron configuration of vanadium is [Ar] 3d3 4s2 and it is classified as a transition metal on the periodic table.
  • Vanadium can also form stable carbides and nitrides, which gives improved properties.

Uses of vanadium

Here are some uses of the vanadium element.

  • Vanadium pentoxide (V2O5) is a compound of vanadium that is used as a catalyst for production of H2SO4 (sulfuric acid).
  • Vanadium is used as an alloy with steel in the manufacturing of ferrovanadium.
  • Vanadium steel is also used in making axles, frames of bicycles, gears, crankshafts, etc.
  • Vanadium is used in making HSS (high speed steels), which contains around 1% to 5% of vanadium content.

External resources:

  1. P. (n.d.). Vanadium | V (Element) – PubChem. Vanadium | V (Element) – PubChem.
  2. It’s Elemental – The Element Vanadium. (n.d.). It’s Elemental – the Element Vanadium.
  3. Vanadium – Wikipedia. (2022, December 5). Vanadium – Wikipedia.
  4. Vanadium – Element information, properties and uses | Periodic Table. (n.d.). Vanadium – Element Information, Properties and Uses | Periodic Table.
  5. Periodic Table of Elements: Los Alamos National Laboratory. (n.d.). Periodic Table of Elements: Los Alamos National Laboratory.
  6. Atomic Weight of Vanadium | Commission on Isotopic Abundances and Atomic Weights. (n.d.). Atomic Weight of Vanadium | Commission on Isotopic Abundances and Atomic Weights.
  7. Atomic Data for Vanadium (V ). (n.d.). Atomic Data for Vanadium (V ).
  8. Vanadium | V | ChemSpider. (n.d.). Vanadium | V | ChemSpider.
  9. Vanadium Statistics and Information | U.S. Geological Survey. (n.d.). Vanadium Statistics and Information | U.S. Geological Survey.
  11. Haynes, W. M. (Ed.). (2014, June 4). CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics.
  12. Kaye, G W.C., & Laby, T H. Tables of physical and chemical constants. 15th Edition. United States.
  13. Sansonetti, J. E., & Martin, W. C. (2005, December). Handbook of Basic Atomic Spectroscopic Data. Journal of Physical and Chemical Reference Data, 34(4), 1559–2259.
  14. Bondi, A. (1964, March). van der Waals Volumes and Radii. The Journal of Physical Chemistry, 68(3), 441–451.
  15. James A. M. & Lord M. P. (1992). Macmillan’s chemical and physical data. Macmillan.
  16. Zhang, Y., Evans, J. R. G., & Yang, S. (2011, January 11). Corrected Values for Boiling Points and Enthalpies of Vaporization of Elements in Handbooks. Journal of Chemical & Engineering Data, 56(2), 328–337.
  17. Holden, et al. (2018, December 1). IUPAC Periodic Table of the Elements and Isotopes (IPTEI) for the Education Community (IUPAC Technical Report). Pure and Applied Chemistry, 90(12), 1833–2092.
  18. Emsley, J. (2011). Nature’s Building Blocks: An A-Z Guide to the Elements. United Kingdom: OUP Oxford.
  19. Allred, A. (1961, June). Electronegativity values from thermochemical data. Journal of Inorganic and Nuclear Chemistry, 17(3–4), 215–221.
  20. Possolo, A., van der Veen, A. M. H., Meija, J., & Hibbert, D. B. (2018, January 4). Interpreting and propagating the uncertainty of the standard atomic weights (IUPAC Technical Report). Pure and Applied Chemistry, 90(2), 395–424.

Jay is an educator and has helped more than 100,000 students in their studies by providing simple and easy explanations on different science-related topics. With a desire to make learning accessible for everyone, he founded Knords Learning, an online learning platform that provides students with easily understandable explanations.

Read more about our Editorial process.

Leave a Comment