Vanadium element (V) is in group 5 and period 4 of a periodic table. Vanadium is in the d-block and it is classified as a transition element on the periodic table.
There is a lot more information related to vanadium which is mentioned in the Information Table given below.
So let’s dive right into it!
Table of contents
- Vanadium element (Information Table)
- Vanadium element in Periodic table
- Facts about Vanadium
- Properties of Vanadium
- Uses of Vanadium
Vanadium Element (Information Table)
The important data related to vanadium element is given in the table below.
|Appearance of vanadium||Shiny bluish gray|
|Atomic number of vanadium||23|
|Symbol of vanadium||V|
|Atomic mass of vanadium||50.942 u|
|Protons, Neutrons & Electrons in vanadium||Protons: 23, Neutrons: 28, Electrons: 23|
|State of vanadium (at STP)||Solid|
|Group number of vanadium in periodic table||5|
|Period number of vanadium in periodic table||4|
|Block of vanadium in periodic table||d-block|
|Category of vanadium||Transition metals|
|Bohr model or Electrons per shell or Electrons arrangement in vanadium||2, 8, 11, 2|
|Electron configuration of vanadium||[Ar] 3d3 4s2|
|Orbital diagram of vanadium|
|Electronegativity of vanadium (on pauling scale)||1.63|
|Atomic radius of vanadium (van der Waals radius)||179 picometers|
|Density of vanadium||6.11 g/cm3|
|1st ionization energy of vanadium||6.746 eV|
|Main isotope of vanadium||51V|
|Melting point of vanadium||2183 K or 1910 °C or 3470 °F|
|Boiling point of vanadium||3680 K or 3407 °C or 6165 °F|
|Crystal structure of vanadium||Body Centered Cubic (BCC)|
|Discovery of vanadium||By Andres Manuel del Rio in 1801|
Also see: Interactive Periodic Table (It has rotating bohr models as well as many other details of all the 118 elements in a single periodic table).
Vanadium element in Periodic table
The Vanadium element (V) has the atomic number 23 and is located in group 5 and period 4. Vanadium is a metal and it is classified as a transition element.
Facts about vanadium
Here are a few interesting facts about vanadium element.
- The name “Vanadium” came from the name of Scandinavian goddess of beauty “Vanadis”.
- Vanadium was discovered in 1801 by Spanish scientist Andres Manuel del Rio.
- Most of the vanadium (around 80%) is used in the production of steel.
- Vanadinite (a mineral of vanadium), appears red in color.
- The proportion of vanadium in the earth’s crust is approximately 150 ppm.
- Around 98% of vanadium ores are present in South Africa, China and Russia.
- China is the largest producer of vanadium in the entire world.
Properties of vanadium
Here is a list of some physical properties and chemical properties of vanadium.
Physical properties of vanadium
- Vanadium is moderately hard and ductile metal.
- Vanadium has a shiny bluish gray appearance.
- The naturally occurring vanadium has the stable isotope 51V.
Chemical properties of vanadium
- Vanadium is chemically less reactive to alkalis and acids.
- A very thin oxide layer is formed on the surface of vanadium metal when kept open in air. For further oxidation, it requires a temperature of 660 °C.
- The electron configuration of vanadium is [Ar] 3d3 4s2 and it is classified as a transition metal on the periodic table.
- Vanadium can also form stable carbides and nitrides, which gives improved properties.
Uses of vanadium
Here are some uses of the vanadium element.
- Vanadium pentoxide (V2O5) is a compound of vanadium that is used as a catalyst for production of H2SO4 (sulfuric acid).
- Vanadium is used as an alloy with steel in the manufacturing of ferrovanadium.
- Vanadium steel is also used in making axles, frames of bicycles, gears, crankshafts, etc.
- Vanadium is used in making HSS (high speed steels), which contains around 1% to 5% of vanadium content.