Zinc element (Zn) is in group 12 and period 4 of a periodic table. Zinc is in the d-block and it is classified as a post-transition element on the periodic table.
There is a lot more information related to zinc which is mentioned in the Information Table given below.
So let’s dive right into it!
Table of contents
- Zinc element (Information Table)
- Zinc element in Periodic table
- Facts about Zinc
- Properties of Zinc
- Uses of Zinc
Zinc Element (Information Table)
The important data related to zinc element is given in the table below.
|Appearance of zinc||Silvery gray|
|Atomic number of zinc||30|
|Symbol of zinc||Zn|
|Atomic mass of zinc||65.38 u|
|Protons, Neutrons & Electrons in zinc||Protons: 30, Neutrons: 35, Electrons: 30|
|State of zinc (at STP)||Solid|
|Group number of zinc in periodic table||12|
|Period number of zinc in periodic table||4|
|Block of zinc in periodic table||d-block|
|Category of zinc||Post transition metal|
|Bohr model or Electrons per shell or Electrons arrangement in zinc||2, 8, 18, 2|
|Electron configuration of zinc||[Ar] 3d10 4s2|
|Orbital diagram of zinc|
|Electronegativity of zinc (on pauling scale)||1.65|
|Atomic radius of zinc (van der Waals radius)||139 picometers|
|Density of zinc||7.14 g/cm3|
|1st ionization energy of zinc||9.394 eV|
|Main isotope of zinc||64Zn|
|Melting point of zinc||692.6 K or 419.5 °C or 787.15 °F|
|Boiling point of zinc||1180 K or 907 °C or 1665 °F|
|Crystal structure of zinc||Hexagonal Close Packing (HCP)|
Also see: Interactive Periodic Table (It has rotating bohr models as well as many other details of all the 118 elements in a single periodic table).
Zinc element in Periodic table
The Zinc element (Zn) has the atomic number 30 and is located in group 12 and period 4. Zinc is a metal and it is classified as a post-transition element.
Facts about zinc
Here are a few interesting facts about zinc element.
- Zinc was given its name from the Greek word “zinke” (zinke means pointed).
- After iron, zinc is the 2nd most abundant trace metal present in the human body after iron.
- Zinc is the 4th common metal used in metallurgy industries. (The 1st is iron, 2nd is aluminum and 3rd is copper).
- Zinc is the 24th most abundant element present in the earth’s crust.
- Around 17% of the total zinc production is used in alloys like brass and bronze.
- 50% of the total zinc production is used in galvanization of iron.
- Zinc can be recycled easily and today 30% of the total zinc is recycled.
- Zinc is obtained in large quantities from its ore Zinc Sulfide.
Properties of zinc
Here is a list of some physical properties and chemical properties of zinc.
Physical properties of zinc
- Zinc is a solid metal having a silvery-gray appearance.
- Zinc is hard but it is malleable at temperatures higher than 100 °C.
- The atomic mass of zinc is 65.38 u and its density is 7.14 g/cm3.
- There are many isotopes of zinc, but out of these isotopes, the most abundant isotope is 64Zn and its abundance is around 49%.
- The melting point and boiling point of zinc is 692.6 K and 1180 K.
Chemical properties of zinc
- Zinc is not much reactive metal and it is a strong reducing agent.
- Zinc can react with both acids as well as alkalis.
- The electronic configuration of zinc is [Ar] 3d10 4s2 and it has completely filled d-orbitals.
- The thin layer of zinc oxide is formed on the zinc metal when zinc is kept open in the air.
- The salts of zinc burn with a bluish-green flame.
Uses of zinc
Here are some uses of the zinc element.
- Most of the zinc is used in Galvanization of iron.
- Zinc is also required for proper functioning of the human body.
- Zinc is also used as an alloying element with other metals to get the improved properties.
- Electric batteries also contain zinc.
- Zinc is also present in sunscreens, paints, etc.