Neodymium element (Nd) is in period 6 of a periodic table. Neodymium is in the f-block and it is classified as a lanthanide on the periodic table.
There is a lot more information related to neodymium which is mentioned in the Information Table given below.
So let’s dive right into it!
Table of contents
- Neodymium element (Information Table)
- Neodymium element in Periodic table
- Facts about Neodymium
- Properties of Neodymium
- Uses of Neodymium
Neodymium Element (Information Table)
The important data related to neodymium element is given in the table below.
|Appearance of neodymium||Silvery white appearance|
|Atomic number of neodymium||60|
|Symbol of neodymium||Nd|
|Atomic mass of neodymium||144.24 u|
|Protons, Neutrons & Electrons in neodymium||Protons: 60, Neutrons: 84, Electrons: 60|
|State of neodymium (at STP)||Solid|
|Period number of neodymium in periodic table||6|
|Block of neodymium in periodic table||f-block|
|Category of neodymium||Inner transition metals|
|Bohr model or Electrons per shell or Electrons arrangement in neodymium||2, 8, 18, 22, 8, 2|
|Electron configuration of neodymium||[Xe] 4f4 6s2|
|Orbital diagram of neodymium|
|Electronegativity of neodymium (on pauling scale)||1.14|
|Atomic radius of neodymium (van der Waals radius)||229 picometers|
|Density of neodymium||7.01 g/cm3|
|1st ionization energy of neodymium||5.525 eV|
|Main isotope of neodymium||142Nd|
|Melting point of neodymium||1297 K or 1024 °C or 1875 °F|
|Boiling point of neodymium||3347 K or 3074 °C or 5565 °F|
|Crystal structure of neodymium||Double Hexagonal Close Packing (DHCP)|
|Discovery of neodymium||By Carl Auer von Welsbach in 1885|
Also see: Interactive Periodic Table (It has rotating bohr models as well as many other details of all the 118 elements in a single periodic table).
Neodymium element in Periodic table
The Neodymium element (Nd) has the atomic number 60 and is located in period 6. Neodymium is a metal and it is classified as a lanthanide group element.
Click on above elements in the periodic table to see their information.
Facts about neodymium
Here are a few interesting facts about neodymium element.
- Neodymium was given its name from the two Greek words “neos” and “dymium”.
- The concentration of neodymium in the earth’s crust is 33 ppm.
- Neodymium is the 2nd most abundant rare earth metal on the periodic table.
- Neodymium metal is not available from one place on the earth. But it is evenly spread on the earth.
- Carl Auer von Welsbach discovered neodymium in the year 1885.
Properties of neodymium
Here is a list of some physical properties and chemical properties of neodymium.
Physical properties of neodymium
- Neodymium has a silvery-gray metallic appearance.
- The crystal structure of neodymium is HCP.
- There are many isotopes of neodymium, and out of these isotopes the most abundant isotope is 142Nd.
- The density of neodymium is 7.01 g/cm3 and its atomic mass is 144.24 amu.
- The melting point and boiling point of neodymium is 1297 K and 3347 K respectively.
Chemical properties of neodymium
- Neodymium is reactive metal and hence it is always found in other compounds from the earth’s crust.
- The neodymium easily reacts with the oxygen of the atmosphere.
- Neodymium is kept under kerosene or a mineral oil to prevent its reaction with the atmospheric oxygen.
- Neodymium has an electronegativity of 1.14 on the pauling scale.
Uses of neodymium
Here are some uses of the neodymium element.
- Neodymium is used in the manufacturing of colored glasses.
- Nd:YAG lasers use a crystal of neodymium.
- The coloring agents used in enamels also have neodymium in it.
- Neodymium is also used in making strong magnets. The neodymium magnets are made by alloying neodymium, iron and boron.
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- Neodymium – Element information, properties and uses | Periodic Table. (n.d.). Neodymium – Element Information, Properties and Uses | Periodic Table. https://www.rsc.org/periodic-table/element/60/neodymium
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- Neodymium – Wikipedia. (2012, August 16). Neodymium – Wikipedia. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Neodymium
- Neodymium – American Chemical Society. (n.d.). American Chemical Society. https://www.acs.org/greenchemistry/research-innovation/endangered-elements/neodymium.html
- P. (n.d.). Neodymium | Nd (Element) – PubChem. Neodymium | Nd (Element) – PubChem. https://pubchem.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/element/Neodymium
- It’s Elemental – The Element Neodymium. (n.d.). It’s Elemental – the Element Neodymium. https://education.jlab.org/itselemental/ele060.html
- Periodic Table of Elements: Los Alamos National Laboratory. (n.d.). Periodic Table of Elements: Los Alamos National Laboratory. https://periodic.lanl.gov/60.shtml
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