Ytterbium element (Yb) is in period 6 of a periodic table. Ytterbium is in the f-block and it is classified as a lanthanide on the periodic table.
There is a lot more information related to ytterbium which is mentioned in the Information Table given below.
So let’s dive right into it!
Table of contents
- Ytterbium element (Information Table)
- Ytterbium element in Periodic table
- Facts about Ytterbium
- Properties of Ytterbium
- Uses of Ytterbium
Ytterbium Element (Information Table)
The important data related to ytterbium element is given in the table below.
|Appearance of ytterbium||Silvery white metallic appearance with yellow tint|
|Atomic number of ytterbium||70|
|Symbol of ytterbium||Yb|
|Atomic mass of ytterbium||173.05 u|
|Protons, Neutrons & Electrons in ytterbium||Protons: 70, Neutrons: 103, Electrons: 70|
|State of ytterbium (at STP)||Solid|
|Period number of ytterbium in periodic table||6|
|Block of ytterbium in periodic table||f-block|
|Category of ytterbium||Inner transition metals|
|Bohr model or Electrons per shell or Electrons arrangement in ytterbium||2, 8, 18, 32, 8, 2|
|Electron configuration of ytterbium||[Xe] 4f14 6s2|
|Orbital diagram of ytterbium|
|Atomic radius of ytterbium (van der Waals radius)||242 picometers|
|Density of ytterbium||6.57 g/cm3|
|1st ionization energy of ytterbium||6.254 eV|
|Main isotope of ytterbium||174Yb|
|Melting point of ytterbium||1097 K or 824 °C or 1515 °F|
|Boiling point of ytterbium||1469 K or 1196 °C or 2185 °F|
|Crystal structure of ytterbium||Face Centered Cubic (FCC)|
|Discovery of ytterbium||By Jean Charles Galissard de Marignac in 1878|
Also see: Interactive Periodic Table (It has rotating bohr models as well as many other details of all the 118 elements in a single periodic table).
Ytterbium element in Periodic table
The Ytterbium element (Yb) has the atomic number 70 and is located in period 6. Ytterbium is a metal and it is classified as a lanthanide group element.
Click on above elements in the periodic table to see their information.
Facts about ytterbium
Here are a few interesting facts about the ytterbium element.
- Jean Charles Galissard de Marignac discovered Ytterbium in the year 1878.
- Ytterbium was given its name from the name of the village “Ytterby” which is in Sweden.
- Ytterbium is not available from one place on the earth. But it is evenly spread on the earth.
- Ytterbium is the 44th most abundant element found from the earth’s crust.
- The earth’s crust has a ytterbium in the concentration of 3 ppm by weight.
Properties of ytterbium
Here is a list of some physical properties and chemical properties of ytterbium.
Physical properties of ytterbium
- Ytterbium has a silvery white metallic appearance with a pale yellow tint.
- Ytterbium is a ductile as well as malleable metal.
- There are many isotopes of ytterbium and the most abundant isotope is 174Yb.
- Ytterbium metal has a density of 6.57 g/cm3 and its atomic mass is 173.05 amu.
- The melting point and boiling point of ytterbium is 1097 K and 1469 K respectively.
Chemical properties of ytterbium
- Ytterbium is a reactive metal and it is always found with other compounds in the earth’s crust.
- Ytterbium easily gets dissolved in mineral acids.
- The ytterbium metal also reacts with water.
- Ytterbium reacts with the atmospheric oxygen and tarnishes easily.
- Ytterbium has an electron configuration of [Xe] 6s2 4f14 and it is the f-block element because of the last electron entering in the f-orbital.
Uses of ytterbium
Here are some uses of the ytterbium element.
- Ytterbium compounds are used as a catalyst in organic chemical reactions.
- Fiber optic cables also used ytterbium as a doping agent.
- Ytterbium is also present in stainless steel, which increases its strength and other mechanical properties.
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- Ytterbium – Wikipedia. (2009, June 6). Ytterbium – Wikipedia. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ytterbium
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- It’s Elemental – The Element Ytterbium. (n.d.). It’s Elemental – the Element Ytterbium. https://education.jlab.org/itselemental/ele070.html
- P. (n.d.). Ytterbium | Yb (Element) – PubChem. Ytterbium | Yb (Element) – PubChem. https://pubchem.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/element/Ytterbium
- Atomic Weight of Ytterbium | Commission on Isotopic Abundances and Atomic Weights. (n.d.). Atomic Weight of Ytterbium | Commission on Isotopic Abundances and Atomic Weights. https://ciaaw.org/ytterbium.htm
- Possolo, et al. (2018, January 4). Interpreting and propagating the uncertainty of the standard atomic weights (IUPAC Technical Report). Pure and Applied Chemistry, 90(2), 395–424. https://doi.org/10.1515/pac-2016-0402
- Emsley, J. (2011). Nature’s Building Blocks: An A-Z Guide to the Elements. United Kingdom: OUP Oxford.
- Haynes, W. M. (Ed.). (2014, June 4). CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics. https://doi.org/10.1201/b17118
- Electronic structure of the elements. (2000, March). The European Physical Journal C, 15(1–4), 78–79. https://doi.org/10.1007/bf02683401
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