Silver element (Ag) is in group 11 and period 5 of a periodic table. Silver is in the d-block and it is classified as a transition element on the periodic table.
There is a lot more information related to silver which is mentioned in the Information Table given below.
So let’s dive right into it!
Table of contents
- Silver element (Information Table)
- Silver element in Periodic table
- Facts about Silver
- Properties of Silver
- Uses of Silver
Silver Element (Information Table)
The important data related to silver element is given in the table below.
|Appearance of silver||White metallic luster|
|Atomic number of silver||47|
|Symbol of silver||Ag|
|Atomic mass of silver||107.87 u|
|Protons, Neutrons & Electrons in silver||Protons: 47, Neutrons: 61, Electrons: 47|
|State of silver (at STP)||Solid|
|Group number of silver in periodic table||11|
|Period number of silver in periodic table||5|
|Block of silver in periodic table||d-block|
|Category of silver||Transition metal|
|Bohr model or Electrons per shell or Electrons arrangement in silver||2, 8, 18, 18, 1|
|Electron configuration of silver||[Kr] 4d10 5s1|
|Orbital diagram of silver|
|Electronegativity of silver (on pauling scale)||1.93|
|Atomic radius of silver (van der Waals radius)||172 picometers|
|Density of silver||10.5 g/cm3|
|1st ionization energy of silver||7.576 eV|
|Main isotope of silver||107Ag (51.8%) and 109Ag (48.1%)|
|Melting point of silver||1234.9 K or 961.7 °C or 1763.2 °F|
|Boiling point of silver||2435 K or 2162 °C or 3924 °F|
|Crystal structure of silver||Face Centered Cubic (FCC)|
Also see: Interactive Periodic Table (It has rotating bohr models as well as many other details of all the 118 elements in a single periodic table).
Silver element in Periodic table
The Silver element (Ag) has the atomic number 47 and is located in group 11 and period 5. Silver is a metal and it is classified as a transition element.
Facts about silver
Here are a few interesting facts about the silver element.
- Silver was given its name from the Anglo-Saxon word “seolfor”.
- Silver was given more value than gold in ancient Egypt.
- Pound sterling is a currency of the UK and it was initially equal in value to 1 pound of silver.
- Silver is a ductile metal and it can be drawn into very thin wires.
- Mexico is the world’s largest producer of silver.
- Silver metal is generally obtained while mining copper, lead and zinc.
Properties of silver
Here is a list of some physical properties and chemical properties of silver.
Physical properties of silver
- Silver is a metal having a white shiny appearance.
- Silver metal is the best conductor of heat and electricity.
- The melting point and boiling point of silver metal is 1234.9 K and 2435 K respectively.
- Silver is ductile as well as malleable metal, that means it can be easily drawn into thin wires and sheets.
- Silver has many isotopes and out of these isotopes, the most abundant isotopes are 107Ag and 109Ag.
- The crystal structure of silver is FCC.
- Silver has an atomic mass of 107.87 u and its density is 10.5 g/cm3.
Chemical properties of silver
- The electron configuration of silver is [Kr] 4d10 5s1 and it is a transition metal.
- Silver gets a dark gray color if it is kept open in the air for a very long time. Because of this reason, it requires polishing.
- Silver has no reaction with water, acids as well as many other compounds.
- The black sulfide layer is formed on the silver metal when it is exposed to hydrogen sulfide (H2S).
Uses of silver
Here are some uses of the silver element.
- Silver is used in jewelry as it is a precious metal.
- Silver is also used in making components of batteries as well as in other electrical devices.
- Silver is also used in mirrors as it has an ability to reflect the light.
- During ancient times, the wines, vinegar, water, etc were stored in silver bottles to protect them from bacteria contamination.
- Silver metal was also used for filling cavities.
- Very thin layer of silver is applied on the sweets for decoration and we can also eat it.