Tungsten element (W) is in group 6 and period 6 of a periodic table. Tungsten is in the d-block and it is classified as a transition element on the periodic table.
There is a lot more information related to tungsten which is mentioned in the Information Table given below.
So let’s dive right into it!
Table of contents
- Tungsten element (Information Table)
- Tungsten element in Periodic table
- Facts about Tungsten
- Properties of Tungsten
- Uses of Tungsten
Tungsten Element (Information Table)
The important data related to tungsten element is given in the table below.
|Appearance of tungsten||Gray metallic shiny appearance|
|Atomic number of tungsten||74|
|Symbol of tungsten||W|
|Atomic mass of tungsten||183.84 u|
|Protons, Neutrons & Electrons in tungsten||Protons: 74, Neutrons: 110, Electrons: 74|
|State of tungsten (at STP)||Solid|
|Group number of tungsten in periodic table||6|
|Period number of tungsten in periodic table||6|
|Block of tungsten in periodic table||d-block|
|Category of tungsten||Transition metals|
|Bohr model or Electrons per shell or Electrons arrangement in tungsten||2, 8, 18, 32, 12, 2|
|Electron configuration of tungsten||[Xe] 4f14 5d4 6s2|
|Orbital diagram of tungsten|
|Electronegativity of tungsten (on pauling scale)||2.36|
|Atomic radius of tungsten (van der Waals radius)||210 picometers|
|Density of tungsten||19.25 g/cm3|
|1st ionization energy of tungsten||7.98 eV|
|Main isotopes of tungsten||182W (26.5%), 184W (30.6%), 186W (28.4%)|
|Melting point of tungsten||3695 K or 3422 °C or 6192 °F|
|Boiling point of tungsten||6203 K or 5930 °C or 10706 °F|
|Crystal structure of tungsten||Body Centered Cubic (BCC)|
|Discovery of tungsten||By Fausto Elhuyar and Juan Jose Elhuyar (in 1783)|
Also see: Interactive Periodic Table (It has rotating bohr models as well as many other details of all the 118 elements in a single periodic table).
Tungsten element in Periodic table
The Tungsten element (W) has the atomic number 74 and is located in group 6 and period 6. Tungsten is a metal and it is classified as a transition element.
Click on above elements in the periodic table to see their information.
Facts about tungsten
Here are a few interesting facts about the tungsten element.
- Tungsten was given its name from the Swedish word “tung sten”, meaning heavy stone.
- The initial name of tungsten was “Wolfram”, but later on it was given the name “Tungsten” by IUPAC.
- The earth’s crust contains around 1.25 ppm by weight of tungsten.
- Tungsten is the 4th hardest element followed by carbon (diamond), boron and chromium.
- Tungsten has the highest melting point as compared to the melting point of other metals on the periodic table. Its melting point is 3422 °C.
Properties of tungsten
Here is a list of some physical properties and chemical properties of tungsten.
Physical properties of tungsten
- Tungsten has a silvery gray appearance.
- The powdered form of tungsten is gray colored.
- The tungsten is hard metal and its density is 19.25 g/cm3.
- Tungsten has a BCC crystal structure.
- The melting point and boiling point of tungsten is 3695 K and 6203 K respectively.
Chemical properties of tungsten
- Tungsten reacts with oxygen at higher temperatures and forms a tungsten oxide.
- Tungsten does not react with water as well as acids and base at room temperature.
- The electron configuration of tungsten is [Xe] 4f14 5d4 6s2 and it has incomplete d-orbitals.
- The most common oxidation state of tungsten is +6.
Uses of tungsten
Here are some uses of the tungsten element.
- Tungsten is used as a filament in electric bulbs.
- Tungsten carbide is used in making cutting tools, drill bits, etc.
- Tungsten is also used in welding electrodes.
- Tungsten is also used in HSS (high speed steels) for cutting the metals.
- Tungsten – Wikipedia. (2020, May 2). Tungsten – Wikipedia. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tungsten
- Tungsten – Element information, properties and uses | Periodic Table. (n.d.). Tungsten – Element Information, Properties and Uses | Periodic Table. https://www.rsc.org/periodic-table/element/74/tungsten
- P. (n.d.). Tungsten | W (Element) – PubChem. Tungsten | W (Element) – PubChem. https://pubchem.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/element/Tungsten
- It’s Elemental – The Element Tungsten. (n.d.). It’s Elemental – the Element Tungsten. https://education.jlab.org/itselemental/ele074.html
- Periodic Table of Elements: Los Alamos National Laboratory. (n.d.). Periodic Table of Elements: Los Alamos National Laboratory. https://periodic.lanl.gov/74.shtml
- Prohaska, T., et al. (2022, May 1). Standard atomic weights of the elements 2021 (IUPAC Technical Report). Pure and Applied Chemistry, 94(5), 573–600. https://doi.org/10.1515/pac-2019-0603
- Haynes, W. M. (Ed.). (2014, June 4). CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics. https://doi.org/10.1201/b17118
- Kaye, G W.C., & Laby, T H. Tables of physical and chemical constants. 15th Edition. United States.
- Atomic Weight of Tungsten | Commission on Isotopic Abundances and Atomic Weights. (n.d.). Atomic Weight of Tungsten | Commission on Isotopic Abundances and Atomic Weights. https://ciaaw.org/tungsten.htm
- Atomic Data for Tungsten (W ). (n.d.). Atomic Data for Tungsten (W ). https://physics.nist.gov/PhysRefData/Handbook/Tables/tungstentable1.htm
- Tungsten | W | ChemSpider. (n.d.). Tungsten | W | ChemSpider. http://www.chemspider.com/Chemical-Structure.22403.html?rid=cd70fe15-35de-4d5b-ae5f-525e6c29f376
- Tungsten Statistics and Information | U.S. Geological Survey. (n.d.). Tungsten Statistics and Information | U.S. Geological Survey. https://www.usgs.gov/centers/national-minerals-information-center/tungsten-statistics-and-information
- Sansonetti, J. E., & Martin, W. C. (2005, December). Handbook of Basic Atomic Spectroscopic Data. Journal of Physical and Chemical Reference Data, 34(4), 1559–2259. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.1800011
- Bondi, A. (1964, March). van der Waals Volumes and Radii. The Journal of Physical Chemistry, 68(3), 441–451. https://doi.org/10.1021/j100785a001
- Holden, et al. (2018, December 1). IUPAC Periodic Table of the Elements and Isotopes (IPTEI) for the Education Community (IUPAC Technical Report). Pure and Applied Chemistry, 90(12), 1833–2092. https://doi.org/10.1515/pac-2015-0703
- Zhang, et al. (2011, January 11). Corrected Values for Boiling Points and Enthalpies of Vaporization of Elements in Handbooks. Journal of Chemical & Engineering Data, 56(2), 328–337. https://doi.org/10.1021/je1011086
Jay is an educator and has helped more than 100,000 students in their studies by providing simple and easy explanations on different science-related topics. With a desire to make learning accessible for everyone, he founded Knords Learning, an online chemistry learning platform that provides students with easily understandable explanations.
Read more about our Editorial process.